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Miscellanies and the Moderns

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Abstract

Independently of Tyrwhitt’s collection, the Oxford don and poet Thomas Warton made his own enquiries into the Rowley papers as he wished to include them — authentic or not — in the medieval chapters of his grand History of English Poetry (1774–81). More so than in the case of Tyrwhitt, Warton’s authority for and methods used in judging the Rowleyana would incur heated discussion within the Rowley controversy over the next half-decade. But, at the same time, his defence of Chatterton’s genius in 1778 directly influenced John Broughton’s edition of the modern works, the Miscellanies in Prose and Verse; by Thomas Chatterton, the supposed author of the poems published under the names of Rowley Canning, &c, which was rushed through the press that July on the back of the success of Tyrwhitt’s Rowley.2 Brought on sought to substantiate Warton’s claim that Chatterton had been ‘a prodigy of genius: and would have proved the first of English poets, had he reached a maturer age’.3

Keywords

Modern Work Verbal Text Authorial Sign English Poetry Modern Writer 
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Notes

  1. 4.
    Miscellanies, pp. ix-x. See Donald S. Taylor, ‘The Authenticity of Chatterton’s Miscellanies in Prose and Verse’, Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 55 (1961), pp. 289–96.Google Scholar
  2. 6.
    Jennifer Keith, ‘Pre-Romanticism’ and the Ends of Eighteenth-Century Poetry’, in John Sitter (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Eighteenth Century Poetry (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 271–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 8.
    Walter Graham, English Literary Periodicals (New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons, 1930), p. 180.Google Scholar
  4. Alvin Sullivan (ed.), British Literary Magazines: The Augustan Age and the Age of Johnson, 1698–1788 (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1983), pp. 327–30.Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    See Gerard Genette, Paratexts: Thresholds of Interpretation, trans. Jane E. Lewin (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997), p. 51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 16.
    Allen Hazen, Bibliography of the Strawberry Hill Press (Folkestone: Dansons of Pall Mall, 1973 [1942]), pp. 118–19.Google Scholar
  7. 23.
    John Lucas, Miscellanies in Verse and Prose (Salisbury: Printed for the author, 1776)Google Scholar
  8. Anna Williams, Miscellanies in Prose and Verse (London: T Davies, 1766).Google Scholar
  9. Barbara M. Benedict, Making the Modern Reader: Cultural Mediation in Early Modern Literary Anthologies (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996)Google Scholar
  10. 25.
    On voguish modems see Thomas Keymer, Sterne, the Moderns, and the Novel (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 27.
    Thomas Chatterton, The Poetical Works of Thomas Chatterton, ed. Walter W. Skeat, 2 vols (London: Bell and Daldy, 1871), vol. 2, p. xliv.Google Scholar
  12. 37.
    See Fiona Stafford, The Sublime Savage: A Study of James Macpherson and The Poems of Ossian (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1988)Google Scholar
  13. James Macpherson, The Poems of Ossian and Related Works, ed. Howard Gaskill, with an Introduction by Fiona Stafford (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1996).Google Scholar
  14. Corinna Laughlin, ‘The Lawless Language of Macpherson’s Ossian’, SEL 40.3 (2000), pp. 511–37.Google Scholar
  15. 40.
    Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Antient Welsh Bards, ed. Evan Evans (London: R. and J. Dodsley 1764), pp. 7Google Scholar
  16. 44.
    Life, pp. 299, 356–9; Works, vol. 2, p. 1,026; Chatterton’s Art, pp. 302, 304–10; Forger’s Shadow, pp. 153, 197–8. For further readings of the poems see Wylie Sypher, ‘Chatterton’s African Eclogues and the Deluge’, PMLA 54 (1939), pp. 246–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Alan Richardson, ‘Darkness Visible: Race and Representation in Bristol Abolitionist Poetry’, Wordsworth Circle 27.2 (1996), pp. 67–73Google Scholar
  18. Kim Ian Michasiw, ‘Chatterton, Ossian, Africa’, SEL 48.3 (2008), pp. 633–52.Google Scholar
  19. 49.
    See Charles Churchill, The Rosciad (London: W. Flexney 1761)Google Scholar
  20. 55.
    Published separately by George Kearsley as An Elegy on the Much Lamented Death of William Beckford, Esq. (London: G. Kearsley, 1770)Google Scholar
  21. 58.
    For Patriotism and Beckford in relation to Bristol see George Rudé, Wilkes and Liberty: A Social Study (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1983 [1962]), pp. 112–13Google Scholar
  22. 61.
    Timothy Morton, ‘In Your Face’, Romantic Culture, pp. 79–96. See also Thomas Lockwood, Post-Augustan Satire: Charles Churchill and Satirical Poetry, 1750–1800 (Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1979), pp. 17Google Scholar
  23. 64.
    Douglas J. McMillan uses the poem as an exemplum of Chatterton’s neglected satire: ‘Chatterton’s Minor Satirical Poems’, Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 74 (1973), pp. 311–20.Google Scholar
  24. 76.
    See Daniel Cook, ‘Authenticity among Hacks: Thomas Chatterton’s Memoirs of a Sad Dog and Magazine Culture’, in Tim Milnes and Kerry Sinanan (eds), Romanticism, Sincerity and Authenticity (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), pp. 80–98.Google Scholar
  25. 78.
    Walpole’s Correspondence, vol. 2, pp. 107 and 110. See also Life, pp. 272 and 416–18; John Nevill, Thomas Chatterton (London: Muller, 1948), p. 106.Google Scholar
  26. 91.
    Nick Groom, ‘Thomas Chatterton (1752–1770)’, in ODNB (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004)Google Scholar
  27. 93.
    See John Brewer, ‘Commercialization and Politics’, in Neil McKendrick, John Brewer and J. H. Plumb, The Birth of a Consumer Society: The Commercialization of Eighteenth-Century England (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1982), pp. 197–262.Google Scholar
  28. 94.
    Paul Baines, ‘“All of the House of Forgery”: Walpole, Chatterton, and Antiquarian Commerce’, Poetica (1994), pp. 45–72. An edited version appears in Paul Baines, The House of Forgery in Eighteenth-Century Britain (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1999), pp. 151–76.Google Scholar
  29. 95.
    MR 56 (1777), p. 323. Walpole to William Cole, 19 June 1777, Walpole’s Correspondence, vol. 28, pp. 36, 281–2, and vol. 2, pp. 51–2. See Earl R. Wasserman, ‘The Walpole-Chatterton Controversy’, MLN 54 (1939), pp. 460–2.Google Scholar
  30. 101.
    Horace Walpole, A Letter to the Editor of the Miscellanies of Thomas Chatterton (Strawberry Hill: T. Kirgate, 1779), pp. 1Google Scholar
  31. 111.
    E.g., Timothy Mowl, Horace Walpole: The Great Outsider (London: John Murray, 1996), pp. 224–6Google Scholar
  32. Brian Fothergill, The Strawberry Hill Set: Horace Walpole and His Circle (London: Faber and Faber, 1983), p. 37Google Scholar
  33. W. S. Lewis, Rescuing Horace Walpole (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1978), pp. 134–41.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Daniel Cook 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of DundeeUK

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