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The Rise of the Household to Hegemonic Status

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Abstract

The establishment of separate households by senior office-holders in the elite, who competed with the kapi of the sultan for positions and power centers, reached its peak in the second half of the 17th century. This period was characterized by the increased importance and influence of grandee households as one of the dominant elements of Ottoman political organization and the rise of the Köprülü household to hegemonic status. However, between 1695 and 1703, during Feyzullah Efendi’s second term of office as Şeyhülislam, he succeeded in raising his grandee household to hegemonic status. For the first and only time in Ottoman history the grandee household of an alim dominated its politics. Feyzullah based his household’s hegemony on nepotism, the removal of rivals, and his undertaking to manage government affairs. Feyzullah’s unique political activity, backed by the sultan, shaped a new but temporary pattern of rule, evidenced by unprecedented control by one lineage of the legal-academic establishment, and, most importantly, by the Şeyhülislam’s takeover of the central administration.

Keywords

Foreign Policy Legal Establishment Senior Member Peace Treaty Senior Position 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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© Michael Nizri 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ariel UniversityIsrael

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