The Development of Human Societies
Historians and other social scientists, using various models and criteria, have defined several stages of societal development. Some of them have made the list lengthy; others have made it short. However, historians seem to acknowledge that the two greatest revolutions in human history are the agricultural revolution and the industrial revolution. They acknowledge that those two revolutions have had the greatest impact on human ways and states of living, or on peoples’ cultures and economic conditions. Thus there is agreement on at least three major stages of societal development, or civilizations: the preagricultural (hunting and gathering) stage, the agricultural stage, and the industrial stage. Nevertheless, a growing number of historians and social scientists suggest that the information and communications revolutions of the 1980s represent another great revolution that is destined to transform both the ways and states of living of people everywhere.
KeywordsIndustrial Revolution Industrial Society Societal Change Societal Development Agricultural Society
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