Since the dawn of history, humans have formed societies with the primary objective of reaching higher levels of security and satisfaction. At the beginning, the pace of change was very slow, making societies largely stagnant; they seemed frozen in time. But as people attained higher levels of physical and food security and developed more advanced technologies, the pace of change accelerated and life became more complex and demanding. Complexity, in turn, presented people with more challenges to face, more issues to deal with, more desires to satisfy, more opportunities to exploit, and more change to endure. As a consequence, more players came to participate in the shaping of societal life, which came to be organized in ways that made people and their social, cultural, economic, political, and communications systems more complex and interdependent.
KeywordsHuman Society Historical Background Transitional Period Agricultural Community Societal Development
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- 1.Quoted in Hugh Thomas, World History (HarperCollins, 1996), 475.Google Scholar
- 2.John A. Garraty and Peter Gray, The Columbia History of the World (Harper & Row, 1972), 35–48.Google Scholar
- 3.For a thorough discussion of this issue, see Mohamed Rabie, Conflict Resolution and Ethnicity (Praeger Publisher, 1994), Chapter 10.Google Scholar