The Interplay of Fertility Intentions, Female Employment and Work-Life Balance Policies in Contemporary Poland: Can Gender Equity, Preference and Social Capital Theories Provide a Better Insight?

  • Ewa Frątczak
  • Aneta Ptak-Chmielewska
Part of the Work and Welfare in Europe book series (RECOWE)


In the discussion on the main causes of recent fertility decline in Europe, especially with regard to the very low and lowest low-fertility levels in the Mediterranean and Central and Eastern Europe, much attention has been given to economic factors. At the same time, in demographic research the effects of social capital, lifestyle preferences and gender equality in the family and society have received relatively limited attention. These factors are likely to be particularly important for fertility-related decision-making and behaviour in societies facing economic uncertainty along with a transformation of values and norms, such as Poland, which is considered a representative of the Transition Post-Socialist policy configuration type (Hobson and Oláh, 2006). Thus, in our study, we focus on fertility intentions in the context of three theories, namely (i) preference theory (Hakim, 2000, 2003a, 2003b; Vitali et al., 2009) (ii) gender equity theory (McDonald, 2000b; Mills et al., 2008; Mills, 2010) and (iii) social capital theory (Coleman, 1990; Bühler and Frątczak, 2007, pp. 359–382).


Labour Market Social Capital Gender Ideal Gender Equality Total Fertility Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Ewa Frątczak and Aneta Ptak-Chmielewska 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ewa Frątczak
  • Aneta Ptak-Chmielewska

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