Women’s Imprisonment, Conflict and Transition
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Imprisonment in Northern Ireland operates within the context of a society and criminal justice process emerging from three decades of violent conflict and a longer history of sectarian politics. Penal regimes have developed and consolidated within this context. High rates of political imprisonment and the dynamics of prison struggles have had a profound impact within local communities. Throughout the recent Conflict, over 3,700 men, women and children were killed, the majority by republican or loyalist paramilitary organizations (McKittrick et al., 2004, p.1528). Tens of thousands were injured and countless others made homeless, traumatized or bereaved. Approximately ten per cent of killings were by state forces (McKittrick et al., 2004, p.1534). Allegations persist regarding the extent of state collusion with loyalist paramilitaries. It is estimated that half of Northern Ireland’s population (1.8 million in 2011) has been affected by the death or injury of a close relative or friend (Fitzduff and O’Hagan, 2009).
KeywordsMale Prisoner Political Prisoner Criminal Justice Process Prison Guard Hunger Strike
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