Across continents, periods, classes and political contexts newspapers held the potential as agents of communication to influence the emergence of a more fair and equal society, in which both sexes could participate more fully. This study has traced the development of forms of feminized cultural citizenship through specific organs of mass communication at different points in history between the 1860s and the 1930s, comparing and contrasting aspects of the phenomenon in France, Britain and India. The enquiry has revealed multifarious aspects of symbolism, connotations of cause and effect, influences of historical moment, contextual specificities and complexities in relationships between class and gender, colonizer and colonized.
KeywordsPublic Sphere Public Communication Public Press Daily Mail Congress Party
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