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Pax Britannica pp 104-116 | Cite as

Challenges of Europe, the Mediterranean and the Black Sea

  • Barry Gough
Part of the Britain and the World book series (BAW)

Abstract

Throughout the first half-century of that epoch which constitutes Pax Britannica, British statesmen always concerned themselves with the rights of independence in the Law of Nations and the international system. They might have moulded that situation to suit their purposes; they might have talked in high fashion of a community of law-abiding nations of Europe; they might, when necessary, have proposed multilateral discussions; and they might even have accepted invitations to the same. But, when placed in a corner, without equivocation, they kept to an independence of action. Truth to tell, they hated having their hands tied. The uniqueness of this had been demonstrated long before by their role in crafting the Peace of Vienna, where they cooperated mightily with the other powers in creating a post-war Europe (including Holland and Belgium and new borders). Castlereagh, however, refused to be a slave to the Congress system. A recent historian stated:

he made it clear that he had become increasingly alarmed by the “abstractions and sweeping generalities” emanating from the Holy Alliance. In practical terms, the fear of Russian expansionism — rather than France resurgence — was the underlying, if softly spoken, threat to the successful operation of British foreign policy at this stage.1

Keywords

Moral Force British Subject Naval Force British Policy Naval Blockade 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    John Bew, Castlereagh: Enlightenment, War and Tyranny (London: Quercus, 2011), 454.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Harold Temperley, England and the Near East: The Crimea (London: Longmans Green, 1936), 61.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
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  4. 4.
    Conrad Thake, William Scamp (1801–1872): An Architect of the British Admiralty in Malta (Malta: Midsea Books, 2011). See also the review of same by Jonathan Coad, Mariner’s Mirror, 98, 3 (August 2012): 377–78.Google Scholar
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    Percy Sykes, A History of Persia (2nd ed. 2 vols. London: Macmillan, 1921), 2:380.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Barry Gough 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Barry Gough

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