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Pax Britannica pp 189-213 | Cite as

Treaty-Making and Dhow-Chasing in the Indian Ocean

  • Barry Gough
Part of the Britain and the World book series (BAW)

Abstract

In addition to protecting the rights of British and European citizens, the policing of piracy was a specifically designated duty of the Navy during Pax. Anti-piracy duties, to repeat, were closely intertwined with measures to eradicate slavery and the slave trade. This largely thankless task took the Navy to all seas, for the anti-piracy war was conducted against the likes of Barbary pirates, offending coastal tribes of British Columbia and Brazilian privateers in the Río de la Plata. It was also pressed against pirates in the Malay straits, the China seas and the Pacific islands. In some of these places, piracy could be suppressed. In others, such as the China seas in the 1860s, as one historian concluded unerringly, it “persisted undiminished and unintimidated”.1

Keywords

Indian Ocean Slave Trade East India Company Moral Suasion British Trade 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    Grace Fox, British Admirals and Chinese Pirates, 1832–1869 (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co., 1940), 147;Google Scholar
  2. see also G. A. Wood, “Pax Britannica: The Royal Navy around 1860,” in G.A. Wood and P.S. O’Connor, eds., W.P. Morrell, a Tribute (Dunedin: University of Otago Press, 1978).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    In the “cold shower” department regarding piracy, see Peter Earle, The Pirate Wars (New York: St Martins, 2006).Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    For an example of this, see Sherard Osborn, Quedah; or Stray Leaves from a Journal in Malayan Waters (new ed; London: Routledge, 1865). The first edition was published in 1857.Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    Raymond C. Howell, The Royal Navy and the Slave Trade (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1987), v.Google Scholar
  6. 9.
    Malcolm, Sketches in Persia, 1: 27–28; also, Gerald S. Graham, Great Britain in the Indian Ocean (Oxford: Clarendon, 1967), 237–242.Google Scholar
  7. 11.
    Ibid., 246, 456. The security of Napoleon was the first charge of the commander-in-chief on the Cape station. The story of Napoleon’s jailers may be followed, in part, in Frank Giles, Napoleon Bonaparte: England’s Prisoner (London: Constable, 2001).Google Scholar
  8. 12.
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  9. Hugh Johnston, British Emigration Policy, 1815–1830: Shovelling Out Paupers (Oxford: Clarendon, 1972).Google Scholar
  10. 13.
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  11. 15.
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  12. 17.
    Raymond W. Beachey, The Slave Trade of Eastern Africa (New York: Barnes & Noble, 1976), 38–39.Google Scholar
  13. 20.
    For a discussion of anti-slavery and anti-slave trade decrees and treaties, see R.W. Beachey, ed., A Collection of Documents on the Slave Trade of Eastern Africa (London: Rex Collings, 1976), 103–133;Google Scholar
  14. Also, Arnold T. Wilson, Persian Gulf … (Oxford: Clarendon, 1928), 216.Google Scholar
  15. 22.
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  16. 28.
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  17. 32.
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  18. 33.
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  19. 34.
    Quoted in James Morris, Farewell the Trumpets: An Imperial Retreat ([1978] Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1979), 111–112.Google Scholar
  20. 37.
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  21. 42.
    R.F. Burton, Commanding East African Expedition, on board HEIC Sloop of War Elphinstone, to Royal Geographical Society, 15 December 1856, in Richard Burton, The Source of the Nile: The Lake Regions of Central Africa ([1860] London: Folio Society, 1993), 559–565.Google Scholar
  22. 49.
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  23. 50.
    William Laird Clowes, The Royal Navy: A History, vol. 7 (London, 1903), 386–391.Google Scholar
  24. 57.
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  25. 65.
    On this theme generally, see Leland H. Jenks, The Migration of British Capital to 1875 (new ed.; London: Nelson, 1963).Google Scholar
  26. 66.
    John Morley, The Life of William Ewart Gladstone (3 vols. London: Macmillan, 1903), 3: 119; see also Macdonagh, “Anti-Imperialism of Free Trade,” 165–166.Google Scholar

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© Barry Gough 2014

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  • Barry Gough

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