Dustin Hoffman, Jack Nicholson, and Elliott Gould represented Rough Rebel star-actors in 1969, 1970, and 1971. These Rough Rebels were understood as the greatest of young star-actors and as excellent responses to Hollywood’s twin crises of creativity and capital. Because of the Rough Rebels’ agency, their styles of performing, and their star images carefully constructed to appeal to young adult audiences, some of the most seminal films of the period were frequently dominated by their versions of alienation, by their ironic reactions to that alienation, and by their dismissive attitude toward women. Hoffman, Nicholson, and Gould, to a heretofore unexamined degree, made these films what they were, and prevented them from being something else.


Taxi Driver Lead Actor Character Actor Star Actor Star Image 
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Copyright information

© Daniel Smith-Rowsey 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sacramento State UniversityUSA

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