European Energy Policy: Past and Present Challenges



Energy, in its various manifestations, has been at the heart of the European project from the start, as concerns about energy supply and security were the foundations of the European Union (EU). The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), proposed by French foreign minister Robert Schuman in 1950, was the precursor of the EU and its goals were economic regeneration, economic growth and rationalization of energy production, consumption and usage. The ECSC was joined by two other “communities”: the European Economic Community (EEC), focusing upon trade and tariffs between the countries of Europe, and the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM), concerned with peaceful development of atomic energy. It will be shown that energy policy reflected the priorities of the European Community and that, when compared to other areas of policy focus, crafting a common energy policy has deeply served the cause of economic and political integration.


European Union Energy Policy European Parliament Emission Allowance Emission Trading System 
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© Laura Haar 2013

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