The complexity of human behaviour and decision-making is further problematised by the society and social organisations around us. What is considered morally acceptable, legal or etiquette in one country, culture or community may be morally unacceptable, illegal or impolite in another context. This chapter discusses four activities that under certain circumstances are non-political but can become politicised through their symbols, language, imagery and interactions. These activities are not traditionally measured in political surveys; the complexities in their boundaries drive them to be seen as borderline politics, but they are increasingly popular amongst the youth.


Political Action Political Participation Political Issue Political Discussion Communication Format 
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Copyright information

© Asma Mustafa 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asma Mustafa
    • 1
  1. 1.Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies and Linacre CollegeUniversity of OxfordUK

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