There are international events that have such a resounding impact on people’s lives that imagining a world in which they had not occurred would be difficult. For many Muslims, that ‘moment’ was the 9/11 terrorist attacks. There has been considerable pressure placed on Muslims since then — through media coverage, local and national government policies, regulations regarding security and laws preventing extremism.


Political Action Political Participation Religious Identity Cultural Transmission Political Engagement 
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Copyright information

© Asma Mustafa 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Asma Mustafa
    • 1
  1. 1.Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies and Linacre CollegeUniversity of OxfordUK

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