Marxism and the Interpretation of China



From a universalist perspective of historical materialism, the position of China in the world and in world history is essentially defined by its relationship with epochal parameters of capitalism. Both entities in question, capitalism in global dominance and China in search of an alternative, are part of an open-ended historical contour. They need to be duly historicized in their interactions and intertwining effects in any rational inquiry and understanding. This is where Marxism appeals by virtue of its powerful global perspective on capitalism and precapitalism, its penetrating critiques of the capitalist crisis, and its logical conclusion about capitalism’s eventual demise and replacement by a higher social formation.


World History Global Capitalism Moral Economy Mass Line Eventual Demise 
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  1. 6.
    Telling the reporter about their feelings, a woman in a red tracksuit said that “95% of us common people support Bo. He was a good leader.” And Mr. Shi, a 59-year-old man, said that “now Chongqing people want to take him back.” Jonathan Kaiman writes in the Los Angeles Times that “Bo’s mark will be difficult to erase. Many live in public housing he built and on pension plans he created” (Apr 12, 2012).Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    “Will China’s leaders regret Bo Xilai’s fall?” BBC News China, Sept. 23, 2013, The Bo trial in August 2013 was significant but too new to be treated here.

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© Lin Chun 2013

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