Iraq: Democracy and Electoral Politics in Post-Saddam Era

  • Reidar Visser
Part of the Elections, Voting, Technology book series (EVT)


From the beginning of the Iraq War in March 2003 until the complete withdrawal of US military troops from Iraq in December 2011, Iraqis went to the polls on a massive scale on altogether five occasions. In January 2005, they elected a constituent assembly as well as provincial councils; in October 2005 they approved the work of the constituent assembly in a constitutional referendum; in December 2005 they elected their first democratic parliament under the new constitution; in January 2009 they elected provincial councils for a second time; in March 2010 they elected a second parliament. After the Americans left the country, the political focus in Iraq quite quickly came to focus to a third round of provincial elections of April 2013, the sixth major, nationwide election event in a decade.


Local Election Electoral Politics Dispute Territory Parliamentary Election Federal Supreme 
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    For an example, see Ad Melkert, “March elections are another step toward normality in Iraq,” Washington Post, February 28, 2010.Google Scholar
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    Hanna Batatu, The Old Social Classes and the Revolutionary Movement in Iraq (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1978), pp. 45–50.Google Scholar
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    Jonathan Morrow, Iraq’s Constitutional Process, II: Opportunity Lost (Washington, DC: USIP Paper, 2005).Google Scholar
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    Reidar Visser, A Responsible End? The US and the Iraqi Transition, 2005–2010 (Charlottesville, VA: Just World Books, 2010), pp. 67–84.Google Scholar
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    Reidar Visser, “Policing a Messy Federation: The Role of the Iraqi Federal Supreme Court, 2005–2010” Orient no. 2, 2011.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Mahmoud Hamad and Khalil al-Anani 2014

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  • Reidar Visser

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