Reflexive Modernization: Connecting the Environment with Modernity and Modernization

  • John Karamichas
Part of the Global Culture and Sport book series (GCS)


This chapter offers an analytical overview of Reflexive Modernization (RM). It provides a detailed presentation of the two constituent dimensions of RM: the risk society and the ecological modernization (EM) perspectives. It discusses how both dimensions resonate with certain approaches to environmentalism and, more particularly, how EM sits alongside the discourses that have been used to promote the environmental credentials of sport mega-events such as the Olympic Games.


Income Inequality Nuclear Energy Olympic Game Environmental Kuznets Curve Ecological Modernization 
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Copyright information

© John Karamichas 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Karamichas
    • 1
  1. 1.Queen’s UniversityBelfastUK

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