The East-West Accommodation

  • Robert Ayson
Part of the Palgrave Studies in International Relations Series book series (PSIR)


By the second half of the 1950s Bull was already reflecting on the questions of international political order which were to populate so much of his subsequent work. But this was not the main arena in which he was to initially establish his reputation. A peculiar accident of history (to use a phrase Bull himself would come to favour) was to make its effects felt within the first five years of his academic career. It had seemed for a while in 1956 that, as a British subject, Bull might have to resign from his LSE position for a period of military service. Early the next year, the same unwelcome visitor came knocking on Bull’s door, but this time which much greater force. To avoid losing Bull to time spent in khaki clothing, Manning helped arrange for the young scholar to be sent to the United States for a year of research leave from October 1957. Duly dispatched on a Rockefeller Foundation fellowship, Hedley and Mary Bull headed for two of the most obvious locations for the study of international relations across the Atlantic. The first destination was Harvard University where Henry Kissinger and Robert Bowie (who had been the State Department’s Director of Policy Planning) were about to open a new Center for International Affairs. The second was the University of Chicago1 where America’s leading international relations theorist, Hans Morgenthau, was still in residence.


International Relation Nuclear Weapon International Politics Sovereign State International Order 
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  1. 11.
    Hedley Bull, ‘Disarmament and the International System’, Australian Journal of Politics and History, 5: 1, May 1959, p. 44.Google Scholar
  2. 15.
    Hedley Bull, Review of Assault at Arms by Ronald Adam and Charles Judd and The Diplomacy of Disarmament by Joseph Nogee, Survival, 2:3, May –June 1960, p. 135.Google Scholar
  3. 29.
    Hedley Bull, ‘Strategic Theory’, in The Year Book of World Affairs, 15, 1961, p. 408.Google Scholar
  4. 32.
    See Colin Gray, House of Cards: Why Arms Control Must Fail, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1992.Google Scholar
  5. 35.
    Hedley Bull, ‘Disarmament and Arms Control’, in Special Studies Prepared for the Special Committee of the House of Commons on Matters Relating to Defence, Ottawa: Roger Duhamel, 1965, p. 139.Google Scholar
  6. 36.
    Hedley Bull, ‘Western Military and Disarmament Policy’, Wilton Park Talk, March 1962, HBP Box 3, File 3.Google Scholar
  7. 37.
    Hedley Bull, ‘What is the Commonwealth?’, World Politics, 11: 4, July 1959, p. 578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 44.
    Hedley Bull, ‘Two Kinds of Arms Control’, in The Yearbook of World Affairs, 17, 1963, p. 152.Google Scholar
  9. 49.
    Hedley Bull, ‘The Great Irresponsibles? The United States, the Soviet Union, and World Order’, International Journal, 35:3, Summer 1980, p. 442.Google Scholar
  10. 57.
    Hedley Bull, ‘The Political and Strategic Background to Australian Defence’, in R.H. Scott (ed.) The Economics of Defence, Economic Papers no. 29 ( Economics Society of Australia & New Zealand, NSW & Victorian Branches ) 1968, p. 12.Google Scholar
  11. 59.
    Hedley Bull, ‘Arms Control’, Current Affairs Bulletin, 34:5, 20 July 1964, p. 70.Google Scholar
  12. 64.
    Hedley Bull, ‘Cold War Diplomacy’, Current Affairs Bulletin, 28:12, 16 October 1961, pp. 181–182.Google Scholar
  13. 68.
    Hedley Bull, Review of Arms and Influence by Thomas C. Schelling, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, March 1967, p. 26.Google Scholar
  14. 75.
    Hedley Bull, review of books by Seymour Melman, James J. Wadsworth, Arthur Larson and Evan Luard, Survival, 4:4, July–August 1962, p. 186.Google Scholar
  15. 78.
    Hedley Bull, ‘East-West attitudes to defence’, Transcript of Commentary for BBC London, recorded 29 March 1962, transmitted 30 March 1962, p. 1, HBP Box 7, File 5.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Robert Ayson 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Ayson
    • 1
  1. 1.Victoria University of WellingtonNew Zealand

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