Advertisement

Exploring the History of Protestant-Catholic Conflict

Chapter
  • 167 Downloads

Abstract

In recent years the countryside west of Drogheda has been expensively re-landscaped and opened up to tourism. This was the valley that on 1 July 1690 echoed to the clash of armies at the Battle of Boyne. Within sight of the elegant new bridge carrying the Ml Dublin-Belfast motorway high over the river, children play on the green lawns of Oldbridge House, and their elders explore a visitor centre that offers a conscientiously even-handed account of the battle and its significance in Irish and European history. There is a manifest aspiration to reinvent the battle as a focus for reconciliation rather than division in early twenty-first-century Ireland. This vision was made explicit in May 2007, when Ian Paisley, the recently appointed First Minister of Northern Ireland, and the Irish Prime Minister, Bertie Ahern, met at the site. Paisley then spoke as follows:

It would be a good thing for nationalists to know orange history and for Unionists to know green history. At last we can embrace this battle site as part of our shared history. Understanding our past is the only sure way to understand our present. Instead of reverberating to the roar of cannon fire, the charge of men, the shot of musket or the clash of sword steel, today we have tranquillity of still water where we can contemplate the past and look forward to the future.1

Keywords

National Identity European History Religious Tension Green Lawn Sectarian Violence 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 2.
    Steve Bruce, Paisley: Religion and Politics in Northern Ireland (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 3.
    Cf. Ian McBride, ‘Introduction: Memory and National Identity in Modern Ireland’ in Ian McBride, ed., History and Memory in Modern Ireland (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 3–4.Google Scholar
  3. 4.
    John Childs, The Williamite Wars in Ireland, 1688–91 (London: Hambledon Continuum, 2007).Google Scholar
  4. 6.
    Gordon Lucy and Elaine McClure, eds, The Twelfth: What It Means to Me (Lurgan: Ulster Society, 1997).Google Scholar
  5. 7.
    Barbara B. Diefendorf, The Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre (Boston: Bedford/St Martin’s, 2009), pp. 20–3.Google Scholar
  6. 8.
    Denis Crouzet, La Nuit de la Saint-Barthélémy (La Flèche: Fayard, 1994), p. 10Google Scholar
  7. Robert M. Kingdon, Myths About the St Bartholomew’s Day Massacre 1572–1576 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1988)Google Scholar
  8. 11.
    Philip Jenkins, The New Anti-Catholicism: The Last Acceptable Prejudice (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003)Google Scholar
  9. Mark Massa, Anti-Catholicism in America: The Last Acceptable Prejudice (New York: Crossroad, 2003).Google Scholar
  10. 14.
    John Wolffe, ‘Protestant-Catholic Divisions in Europe and the United States: An Historical and Comparative Perspective’, Politics, Religion and Ideology 12:3 (2011), 241–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 17.
    Fabio Petito and Pavlos Hatzopoulos, eds, Religion in International Relations: The Return from Exile (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)Google Scholar
  12. Jonathan Fox and Shmuel Sandler, Bringing Religion into International Relations (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Scott M. Thomas, The Global Resurgence of Religion and the Transformation of International Relations (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 18.
    Ken Booth, Theory of World Security (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), p. 448.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 19.
    Georgio Shani, ‘Transnational Religious Actors and International Relations’ in Jeffrey Haynes, ed., Routledge Handbook of Religion and Politics (Abingdon: Routledge, 2009), pp. 308–22.Google Scholar
  16. 20.
    Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1996)Google Scholar
  17. Susanne H. Rudolph and James Piscatori, eds, Transnational Religion and Tading States (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997).Google Scholar
  18. 25.
    John Higham, Strangers in the Land: Patterns of American Nativism, 1860–1925 (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1955)Google Scholar
  19. William Haller, Foxe’s Book of Martyrs and the Elect Nation (London: Jonathan Cape, 1963)Google Scholar
  20. Linda Colley, Britons: Forging the Nation 1707–1837 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), pp. 11–54Google Scholar
  21. Hugh McLeod, ‘Protestantism and British National Identity 1815–1945’, in P. van der Veer and H. Lehmann, eds, Nation and Religion (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1999), pp. 44–70.Google Scholar
  22. 26.
    Trystan Owain Hughes, ‘Anti-Catholicism in Wales, 1900–1960’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 33 (2002), 312–25Google Scholar
  23. Steve Bruce, No Pope of Rome: Anti-Catholicism in Modern Scotland (Edinburgh: Mainstream, 1985)Google Scholar
  24. Andrew Stern, ‘Southern Harmony: Catholic-Protestant Relations in the Antebellum South’, Religion and American Culture 17 (2007), 165–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 32.
    William T. Cavanaugh, The Myth of Religious Violence (New York: Oxford University Press, 2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 33.
    See for example Mark Doyle, Fighting Like the Devil for the Sake of God: Protestants, Catholics and the Origins of Violence in Victorian Belfast (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009)Google Scholar
  27. Marianne Elliott, When God Took Sides: Religion and Identity in Ireland — Unfinished History, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009).Google Scholar
  28. 38.
    Stephen Kenny, ‘A Prejudice that Rarely Utters Its Name: A Historio-graphical and Historical Reflection upon North American Anti-Catholicism’, American Review of Canadian Studies 32:4 (2002), 642–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 45.
    John Wolffe, The Protestant Crusade in Great Britain, 1829–1860 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 48.
    Massa, Anti-Catholicism; Jenkins, Anti-Catholicism; Mark A. Noll and Carolyn Nystrom, Is the Reformation Over? An Evangelical Assessment of Contemporary Roman Catholicism (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2005).Google Scholar
  31. 49.
    For the concept of cultural (in)security see Susanne H. Rudolph and James Piscatori, eds, Transnational Religion and Pading States (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997), p. 5.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© John Wolffe 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Queen’s University BelfastUK

Personalised recommendations