Linguistic Diversity as a Problem and a Resource — Multilingualism in European and Finnish Policy Documents

Part of the Language and Globalization book series (LAGL)


Societies in Europe and across the world are under constant pressure to cope with increasing multilingualism and multiculturalism. This development has its roots in different global and local societal and economic processes. On the one hand, globalization is putting pressure on the economy in that more varied language resources are needed in society. On the other hand, immigration is constantly on the increase, giving rise to what Vertovec (2006) has termed super-diversity, a ‘condition distinguished by a dynamic interplay of variables among an increased number of new, small and scattered, multiple-origin, transnationally connected, socio-economically differentiated and legally stratified immigrants’.


Social Cohesion Foreign Language Language Policy Mother Tongue National Language 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Tarja Nikula, Taina Saarinen, Sari Pöyhönen and Teija Kangasvieri 2012

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