The Last of the Summer Holidays — Twentieth Century Travel

  • Richard Scully
Part of the Britain and the World book series (BAW)


Just as an apparent German militarism did limit the enjoyment of some British visitors, those travelling to Germany at the turn of the twentieth century were not immune to the barbs of the German press directed against Britain and its policy in South Africa (indeed it was partially the reports of travellers to the Continent which alerted the domestic British press and society in general to the virulence of such attacks).1 However for the most part it would seem that the undeniable bitterness of these years did not inhibit the British enjoyment of Germany and what it had to offer the vacationer (even Chamberlain’s concern over Treitschke’s teachings disappeared quite quickly, resurfacing only in the 1900s).2 Some apprehension no doubt existed among those considering an excursion in the Fatherland in the Boer War period, and it was noted by Thomas Beck Foreman in his account that ‘the unfriendly comments’ of some German journalists ‘at the expense of our countrymen had led us to expect more or less coolness from our German fellow-travellers’.3 Foreman was pleased to discover and report that all those Germans whom he and his party encountered on their journey ‘were polite and even friendly’ to them, and even in the larger urban centres such as Mainz and Koblenz, they ‘did not experience the slightest discomfort on account of [their] nationality’.4 The fact that ‘nothing transpired … to verify [his] apprehensions’ Foreman put down to the racialist notion that ‘the Teuton equally with the Anglo-Saxon’ was subject to that profound sense of ‘“Wander-lust” [sic]’ which had inspired their journey in the first place, and that despite the petty squabbling of the material world, there were deeper connections between German and Briton.5


Summer Holiday German Nation Holiday Destination Slight Discomfort German Press 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 2.
    For the supposed ‘prophetic’ musings of Chamberlain, see R. S. Grayson, Austen Chamberlain and the Commitment to Europe: British Foreign Policy, 1924–1929, London: Frank Cass, 1997, p. 3; D. Dutton, ‘Sir Austen Chamberlain and British Foreign Policy, 1931–1937’, in Diplomacy and Statecraft, No. 16, 2005, p. 281.Google Scholar
  2. 3.
    T. B. Foreman, Reminiscences of a Pilgrimage to Oberammergau, with some account of the Passion Play of 1900, London: T. B. Foreman, 1901, p. 12.Google Scholar
  3. 8.
    A. M. Howitt, An Art Student in Munich, Volume I, London: Longman, Brown, Green and Longmans, 1853, pp. 47–8;, accessed 17 December, 2007.Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    Howitt, An Art Student in Munich, 1853, Volume I, p. 54.Google Scholar
  5. 10.
    A. M. Howitt, An Art Student in Munich, Volume I, London: Thomas De La Rue & Co., 1880, p. viii.Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    J. Bentley, Oberammergau and the Passion Play, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1984, p. 39; P. Brendon, Thomas Cook – 150 Years of Popular Tourism, London: Secker & Warburg, 1991, p. 116.Google Scholar
  7. 12.
    Sir R. Burton, A Glance at the ‘Passion Play’, London; Heinemann, 1881; I. Burton, The Passion-Play at Ober-Ammergau, W. H. Wilkins (ed.), London: Hutchinson, 1900; B. Brothers and J. Gergits (eds), Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 174: British Travel Writers, 1876–1909, Detroit: Bruccoli, Clark, Layman (Gale Research), 1997, pp. 96–7.Google Scholar
  8. 14.
    Baedeker, Southern Germany, 1914, p. 323; Foreman, Reminiscences of a Pilgrimage to Oberammergau, p. 7.Google Scholar
  9. 17.
    J. K. Jerome, Diary of a Pilgrimage, Gloucester: Alan Sutton, [1890] 1982, pp. 120–7.Google Scholar
  10. 18.
    Jerome, Diary of a Pilgrimage, 1982, p. 71.Google Scholar
  11. 19.
    Jerome, Diary of a Pilgrimage, 1982, p. 71.Google Scholar
  12. 21.
    D. Atkinson, ‘Jerome, Jerome Klapka (1859–1927)’, in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004, at, accessed 19 June 2006.Google Scholar
  13. 22.
    ‘Publisher’s Advertisement’, in J. K. Jerome, Three Men in a Boat, 2nd Edition, London: J. W. Arrowsmith, 1909 [no page number]; J. K. Jerome, Three Men on the Bummel, New edition, Bristol: J. W. Arrowsmith, 1914; J. Lewis, Introduction to Three Men in a Boat & Three Men on the Bummel, Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1999, p. xxvi; Also Ramsden, Don’t Mention the War, p. 31.Google Scholar
  14. 34.
    P. Skrine, ‘Victoria’s Daughters: The Contribution of Women to 19-Century Cross-Cultural Understanding’, in R. Görner (ed.), Anglo-German Affinities ad Antipathies, Munich: Iudicium, 2004, p. 80; Greenwood, Baedeker’s Handbooks for Travellers, pp. 15–17, 19–20.Google Scholar
  15. 35.
    Childers, The Riddle of the Sands, 1999, pp. 16–20.Google Scholar
  16. 36.
    Childers, The Riddle of the Sands, 1999, pp. 47, 239.Google Scholar
  17. 38.
    Wechsberg, The Lost World of the Great Spas, pp. 68, 70; B. von Bülow, Memoirs: 1903–1909, F. Voight trans., London: Putnam, 1931, p. 30; G. MacDonough, The Last Kaiser: William the Impetuous, London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 2000, pp. 316–17;‘The King’s Visit to Kiel’, in The Times, 11 June 1904, p. 7.Google Scholar
  18. 39.
    Baedeker, The Rhine, including the Black Forest & the Vosges, 1911, p. 301.Google Scholar
  19. 41.
    C. Marriott, The Romance of the Rhine, London: Methuen & Co., 1911, p. 119.Google Scholar
  20. 43.
    H. J. Mackinder, The Rhine, its Valley and History, London: Chatto & Windus, 1908, p. 10 and following.Google Scholar
  21. 44.
    M. Betham-Edwards, Home Life in France, London: Methuen & Co., 1905, p. 300.Google Scholar
  22. 45.
    M. Betham-Edwards, Scenes and Stories of the Rhine, London: Griffith & Farran, 1863, p. 109.Google Scholar
  23. 47.
    H. G. Blackburn, Artistic Travel in Normandy, Brittany, the Pyrenees, Spain and Algeria, London: Sampson, Low, Marston & Co., 1895, p. 3; Morgan, National Identities and Travel in Victorian Britain, p. 214.Google Scholar
  24. 48.
    C. E. Hughes, A Book of the Black Forest, London: Methuen & Co., 1910, p. 2.Google Scholar
  25. 49.
    S. Baring-Gould, A Book of the Rhine, London: Methuen & Co., 1906, p. 1.Google Scholar
  26. 65.
    Sir E. L. Woodward, Great Britain and the War of 1914–1918, London: Methuen, 1967, p. xiii.Google Scholar
  27. 66.
    C. E. Cooper, Behind the Lines: One Woman’s War 1914–18, Decie Denholm (ed.), Sydney: Collins, 1982, pp. 21–2.Google Scholar
  28. 71.
    Lady [H. J.] Jephson, A War-Time Journal, London: Elkin Matthews, 1915, pp. 12–13, 32.Google Scholar
  29. 74.
    I. A. R. Wylie, Eight Years in Germany, London: Mills & Boon, 1914, pp. 33, 173.Google Scholar
  30. 76.
    H. M. Freeman, An Australian Girl in Germany Through Peace to War, Melbourne: The Specialty Press, 1916, pp. 40, 91. ‘Independent Australian Briton’ is Alfred Deakin’s phrase: R. Norris, ‘Deakin, Alfred (1856–1919)’, Australian Dictionary of Biography, Vol. 8, Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1981, pp. 248–56; S. MacIntyre, ‘Alfred Deakin’, in M. Grattan (ed.), Australian Prime Ministers, Sydney: New Holland, 2000, p. 48.Google Scholar
  31. 78.
    T. F. A. Smith, The Soul of Germany, 1902–1914, London: Hutchinson & Co., 1915, p. 12.Google Scholar
  32. 80.
    D. M. Bruce, ‘Baedeker: the Perceived “Inventor” of the Formal Guidebook – a Bible for Travellers in the 19th Century’, in Richard Butler and Roslyn Russell (eds), Giants of Tourism, Wallingford: CAB, 2010, p. 103.Google Scholar
  33. 81.
    Greenwood, Baedeker’s Handbooks for Travellers, pp. 14–20; Mark D. Larabee, ‘Baedekers as Casualty: Great War Nationalism and the Fate of Travel Writing’, Journal of the History of Ideas, Volume 71, Number 3, July 2010, p. 476.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Richard Scully 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Scully
    • 1
  1. 1.University of New EnglandAustralia

Personalised recommendations