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‘North Sea’ or ‘German Ocean’? Britain and Germany in the Wider World

  • Richard Scully
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Part of the Britain and the World book series (BAW)

Abstract

Although as late as the turn of the twentieth century, the chief producers of maps and atlases in Britain were more inclined to depict Germany politically as a federal nation made up of disparate elements, the sudden and unexpected expansion of the German Empire into the wider world created a new set of conventions to be adhered to. The expansion of German colonies coincided with, and was an integral part of, one of the most comprehensive redrawings of the world map in history. The lonely death of David Livingstone in 1873, deep in the African interior, has been seen by many commentators as the key event in initiating what is now called the ’Scramble for Africa’, but the event which is recognised to have prompted the ‘most feverish phase’ of expansion was the German annexation of Bell Town and of the whole of the adjoining Cameroons, in 1884. 1 The subsequent carving-up of the Dark Continent was an imperial process immediately visible to the British public via the maps and atlases of the time, just as the process of German Unification had been.

Keywords

German State German Unification Imperial Process Disparate Element Federal Nation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Note

  1. 1.
    T. Pakenham, The Scramble for Africa: 1876–1912, London: Abacus, 1996, pp. xxvii, 1–7, 200.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Philip, Philips’ Handy General Atlas, 1882, Map 22.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Philip, Philips’ Handy General Atlas, 1882, Map 22; Also Lett’s Popular Atlas, Map 108.Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    J. G Bartholomew, Bartholomew’s Handy Reference Atlas, Edinburgh: John Walker, 1887, Map 45; Public Schools’ Atlas of Modern Geography, London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1888, Map 4.Google Scholar
  5. 11.
    Bartholomew, Bartholomew’s Handy Reference Atlas, 1887, Map 45; Public Schools’ Atlas of Modern Geography, Map 4.Google Scholar
  6. 13.
    L. James, The Rise and Fall of the British Empire, London: Abacus, 1995, p. 299.Google Scholar
  7. 16.
    F. Fernández-Armesto (ed.), The Times Atlas of World Exploration, London: Times Books, 1991, pp. 208–9.Google Scholar
  8. 20.
    A. Lambert, War at Sea in the Age of Sail, London: Cassell and Co., 2002, p. 26.Google Scholar
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    P. Jordan, North Sea Saga, Bradford: Pearson Longman, 2004, p. 124.Google Scholar
  10. 23.
    G. Philip, Philips’ Handy General Atlas, George Philip and Son: London, 1882, Map 5.Google Scholar
  11. 24.
    Jordan, North Sea Saga, pp. 4, 126. For literary uses of the title: M. E. Braddon, Lady Audley’s Secret, Vol. II, London: Tinsley Brothers, 1862, p. 177;Google Scholar
  12. W. Collins, No Name, Vol. II, London: Sampson, Low, Son and Co., 1862, p. 141;Google Scholar
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    Jan Rüger, The Great Naval Game: Britain and Germany in the Age of Empire, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007, pp. 210–15, 249.Google Scholar
  15. 33.
    Compare A. K. Johnston, Royal Atlas of Modern Geography, Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston & Co., 1894, Maps 1, 17–19; Harmsworth Universal Atlas and Gazeteer, London: Carmelite House [c.1907], Maps 55–60; Philip, Reader’s Reference Atlas, 1911, Plates 6, 12, 16; Bartholomew (ed.), Handy Reference Atlas, 1912, Plate 8.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Richard Scully 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard Scully
    • 1
  1. 1.University of New EnglandAustralia

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