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Burundi

  • Chavanne L. Peercy
Chapter
  • 89 Downloads
Part of the Rethinking Peace and Conflict Studies book series (RCS)

Abstract

Burundi provides an example of deeply entrenched ethnic hostility which has resulted in continuous conflict for the past 50 years. The decades after independence and before UN intervention were marked by violent conflict and cyclic change. The main underlying causes of these dynamics were not political or ideological differences but ethnic and regional ones. During most of this period the country was controlled by various elite Tutsi military regimes which often behaved brutally toward the Hutu majority. Thus the decades of conflict in Burundi represent a power struggle in its most basic form. After the early post-independent elections and the 1966 coup by the Tutsi-dominated military, power shifts were between competing factions of Tutsi officers as opposed to competing political parties. Conflict reached new heights after the assassination of the first democratically elected president in 1993.

Keywords

Penal Code Democratic Institution Security Agent Security Force Democratic Transition 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    Lemarchand, R. (1994) Burundi, Ethnocide as Discourse and Practice (New York: Woodrow Wilson Center Press)Google Scholar
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    Loft, F. and Loft, F. (1988) “Background to the Massacres in Burundi”, Review of African Political Economy, No. 43, pp. 88–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 99.
    Vandeginste, S. (2011) “Power-Sharing as a Fragile Safety Valve in Times of Electoral Turmoil: The Costs and Benefits of Burundi”, Journal of Modern African studies, Vol. 49, No. 2, p. 315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 100.
    Pimbo, J. (2010) “Peacemaking in Burundi Conflict Resolution Versus Conflict Management Strategies”, African Security, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 239–272.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chavanne L. Peercy 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chavanne L. Peercy
    • 1
  1. 1.Humphrey School of Public AffairsUniversity of MinnesotaUSA

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