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John Hope: Hallmark of the Truest Greatness

  • Vida L. Avery
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Part of the Philanthropy and Education book series (PHILAED)

Abstract

Franklin’s heartfelt description of John Hope’s positive and inspirational influence in the moral, civic, and personal lives of his parents, qualities passed along to Franklin as “honorable precepts of living,” affectionately expressed the charismatic power of John Hope. True humility undergirded Hope’s notions of “honorable precepts of living.” Perhaps this humility, so unlike the flamboyance of Du Bois or the political artfulness of Booker T. Washington, diminished Hope in the public eye as well as in history books. Even the academic world of higher education studies, particularly black higher education, seemed blind to the depth of influence John Hope had as an educational leader of the early twentieth century.

Keywords

Educational Leader Black Identity Negro College Student Denominational Affiliation Race Riot 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    John Hope Franklin, in Leroy Davis, A Clashing of the Soul: John Hope and the Dilemma of African American Leadership and Black Higher Education in the Early Twentieth Century, with a foreword by John Hope Franklin (Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1998), ix.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    Raymond B. Fosdick, Henry F. Pringle, and Katherine Douglas Pringle, Adventures in Giving: The Story of the General Education Board (New York: Harper & Row, 1962), 197; Wallace Buttrick to John Hope, June 10, 1906, box 58, folder 520, GEB, RAC; and Abraham Flexner to James Bertam, May 5, 1919, box 59, folder 522, GEB, RAC.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Rayford Logan, in Ridgely Torrence, The Story of John Hope, with an introduction by Rayford Logan (New York: Macmillan, 1948; reprint, New York: Arno and The New York Times, 1969), iii;Google Scholar
  4. Torrence, Story of John Hope, 184; and Edward A. Jones, A Candle in the Dark: A History of Morehouse College (Valley Forge, Pennsylvania: Judson, 1967), 82.Google Scholar
  5. 8.
    Myrdal, in his study An American Dilemma, noted that blacks of “mixed bloods” had “always been preferred by the whites in practically all respects.” He added that these blacks “made a better appearance to the whites and were assumed to be mentally more capable.” Gunnar Myrdal, An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy, vol. 2, with a new introduction by Sissela Bok (New York: Harper & Row, 1944, 1962; reprint, New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 1996), 696.Google Scholar
  6. 21.
    David Levering Lewis, The Fight for Equality and the American Century, 1919–1963 (New York: Henry Holt, 2000), 137.Google Scholar
  7. 31.
    Mark Bauerlein, Negrophobia, A Race Riot in Atlanta, 1906 (San Francisco: Encounter Books, 2001), 433;Google Scholar
  8. Clifford M. Kuhn, Harlon E. Joye, and E. Bernard West, Living Atlanta: An Oral History of the City, 1914–1948, foreword by Michael Lomax (Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1990), 37;Google Scholar
  9. and Lewis, W. E. B. Du Bois, 333. Franklin noted other cities had race riots around this time as well: Springfield, Ohio (1904), Brownsville, Texas (1906), and Springfield, Illinois (1908). John Hope Franklin, From Slavery to Freedom: A History of American Negroes, 2nd ed. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1964), 433–435.Google Scholar
  10. 32.
    Gary M. Pomerantz, Where Peachtree Meets Sweet Auburn: The Saga of Two Families and the Making of Atlanta (New York: A Lisa Drew Book/Scribner, 1996), 73.Google Scholar
  11. 43.
    Michael Bieze, Booker T. Washington and the Art of Self-Representation (New York: Peter Lang, 2008), 123.Google Scholar
  12. 44.
    Booker T. Washington to Andrew Carnegie, November 13, 1909, in Louis Harlan, ed., The Booker T. Washington Papers, 1909–1911 (Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1981), 600.Google Scholar
  13. 50.
    Ibid., 91; Benjamin Brawley, The History of Morehouse College (Atlanta, Georgia: Morehouse College, 1917), 105.Google Scholar
  14. 51.
    Clarence A. Bacote, The Story of Atlanta University: A Century of Service, 1865–1965 (New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1969), 275; Davis, Clashing of the Soul, 188. See Lewis, W. E. B, Du Bois, 387.Google Scholar

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© Vida L. Avery 2013

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  • Vida L. Avery

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