The Misdirected Opposition to Wind Power

  • Martin J. Pasqualetti
Part of the Energy, Climate and the Environment Series book series (ECE)


Our way of life mirrors the energy we use and the impacts we create. Examining this reflection, we see a high living standard that depends on a portfolio of energy resources of which each carries its own burden. Our use of fossil fuels pollutes the skies, stains the seas and tortures the land; nuclear power poses insidious risks to people now living and people yet to be born; and hydro-power floods canyons and displaces residents, sometimes by the millions. Looking at the reflection more carefully, we see a long commercial supply chain fraught with inequities and insecurities that are difficult to predict and challenging to control. In response, we are lately starting to manoeuvre toward a new energy transition, one that promises both sustainable supplies and gentler impacts. It is a future that must rely to a large degree on renewable energy.1


Wind Turbine Wind Power Wind Energy Wind Farm Wind Project 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Abramsky, K. (2010) Sparking a Worldwide Energy Revolution: Social Struggles in the Transition to a Post-Petrol World, Oakland, California: AK Press.Google Scholar
  2. Arnett, E. B., Huso, M. M. P., Schirmacher M. R. and Hayes J. P. (2010) ‘Altering turbine speed reduces bat mortality at wind-energy facilities’, Front Ecol Environ,, accessed on 20 April 2010.
  3. Atkinson-Mair, G. (2009) ‘Wind turbine noise: a themed sequence of sonnets’,, accessed on 20 April 2010.
  4. Australia Senate (2011) ‘The social and economic impact of rural wind farms. Australia Community Affairs Committees. Submissions received by the Committee’,, accessed on 10 July 2010.
  5. Baerwald, E. F., D’Amours, G. H., Klug B. J. and Barclay R. M. R. (2008) ‘Barotrauma is a significant cause of bat fatalities at wind turbines’, Current Biolology 18, R695–R696.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Brenner, M., Cazares, S., Cornwall, M. J., Dyson, F., Eardley, D., Horowitz, P., Long, D., Sullivan, J., Vesecky, J., and Weinberger P. J. (2008) Wind Farms and Radar, The Mitre Corporation, Report JSR-08-125.Google Scholar
  7. Brody, T. (2007) Personal interview.Google Scholar
  8. BWEC (Bats and Wind Energy Cooperative) (2011), accessed on 20 April 2010.
  9. Ciardi, E. J. and Crum, T. (2009) ‘Wind farm — weather radar issues, current initiatives, and research results’, Paper prepared for the State of the Art in Wind Siting Conference, Washington, DC.,, accessed on 21 February 2010.
  10. De Lucas, M., Janss, G. F. E. and Ferrer M. (eds) (2007) Birds and Wind Farms: Risk Assessment and Mitigation, London: Quercus Books.Google Scholar
  11. EU (European Union) (2008) ‘EU court rules against Ireland on Derrybrien’,, accessed on 10 July 2010.
  12. Erickson, W. P., Johnson G. D. and Young Jr, D. P. (2005) ‘A summary and comparison of bird mortality from anthropogenic causes with an emphasis on collisions’, USDA Forest Service General Technical Report. PSW-GTR-191.Google Scholar
  13. Etherington, J. (2009) The Wind Farm Scam, London: Stacey International.Google Scholar
  14. FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) (2007) Obstruction Marking and Lighting, Advisory Circular, AC 70/7460-1K, Chapter 13.Google Scholar
  15. Gipe, P. (2000) ‘A summary of fatal accidents in wind energy’,,, accessed on 20 April 2010.
  16. Gipe, P. (2002) ‘Design as if people matter: aesthetic guidelines for a wind power future’, in Wind Energy in View: Energy Landscapes in a Crowded World, pp. 173–212. San Diego: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  17. Gipe, P. (2010) ‘Wind energy — the breath of life or the kiss of death: contemporary wind mortality rates’,, accessed on 20 April 2010.
  18. Gipe, P. (2011) Personal communication, 19 April 2011.Google Scholar
  19. Highland New Wind (2008) ‘Highland New Wind’,, accessed on 20 April 2010.
  20. Hoen, B. (2006) Impacts of Windmill Visibility on Properties Values in Madison County, New York. Unpublished Master of Science thesis, Bard College, Annandale on Hudson, New York, 30 April 2006.Google Scholar
  21. Hoen, B., Wiser, R., Cappers, P., Thayer, M. and Sethi, G. (2009) The Impact of Wind Power Projects on Residential Property Values in the United States: A MultiSite Hedonic Analysis. LBNL-2829E, December.Google Scholar
  22. Hoen, B., Eckholdt, H. and Wiser, R. (2010) Assessing the Impacts of Reduced Noise Operations of Wind Turbines on Neighbor Annoyance: A Preliminary Analysis in Vinalhaven, Maine, LBNL-LBNL-3562E, June.Google Scholar
  23. James, R. and Kamperman, G. (2008) ‘Simple guidelines for siting wind turbines to prevent health risks’, NOISECON 2008 Proceedings,, accessed on 20 April 2010.
  24. Kunz, T. H., Arnett, E. B., Erickson, W. P., Hoar, A. R., Johnson, G. D., Larkin, R. P., Strickland, M. D., Thresher, R. W. and Tuttle, M. D. (2007) ‘Ecological impacts of wind energy development on bats: questions, research needs, and hypotheses’, Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5:6 (August), 315–324.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Levitan, D. (2010) ‘Fears of radar interference threaten Oregon wind farm, but solutions exist’, Inside Climate News,, accessed on 17 April 2010.
  26. Markay, L. (2011) ‘Inconvenient truth: wind energy has killed more Americans than nuclear’, News Busters, March 17,, accessed on 20 April 2010.
  27. Next Big Future (2011), accessed on 20 April 2010.
  28. NRC (National Research Council) (2007) Environmental Impacts of Wind-Energy Projects, Washington: The National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  29. NYSNRDA (New York State Energy Research and Development Authority) (2009) ‘Comparison of reported effects and risks to vertebrate wildlife from six electricity generation types in the New York/New England region’, Final report, prepared by Environmental Bioindicators Foundation, Inc. Fort Pierce, Fl., and Pandion Systems, Inc. Gainesville, FL,, accessed on 20 April 2010.Google Scholar
  30. Pasqualetti, M. J. (2000) ‘Morality, space, and the power of wind-energy landscapes’, The Geographical Review, 90:3, 381–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Pasqualetti, M. J. (2011) ‘Opposing wind energy landscapes: a search for common cause’, Annals of Association of American Geographers, 101:4, 907–917.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Pattern Energy (2010) ‘Pattern Energy acquires 283 MW Gulf wind project. Project uses ground-breaking radar system for protection of wildlife’., accessed on 20 April 2010.
  33. Pierpoint, N. (2009) Wind Turbine Syndrome, Santa Fe: K-Selected Books.Google Scholar
  34. Renewable UK (2010) Wind Turbine Syndrome (WTS),, accessed on 10 July 2010.
  35. Sims, S. and Dent, P. (2007) ‘Property stigma: wind farms are just the latest fashion’, Journal of Property Investment and Finance, 25:6, 626–651.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Sims, S., Dent, P. and Reza Oskrochi, G. (2008) ‘Modeling the impact of wind farms on house prices in the UK’, I nternational Journal of Strategic Property Management, 12:4, 251–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Smallwood, K. S. and Neher, L. (2004) ‘Repowering the Altamont Pass wind resource area: forecasting and minimizing avian mortality without loss of power generation’, California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program, December.Google Scholar
  38. Smil, V. (2010) Energy Transitions: History, Requirement, Prospects, New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  39. Society for Wind Vigilance (2010) Proceedings, First International Symposium. The Global Wind Industry and Adverse Health Effects: Loss of Social Justice?, The Waring House Inn and Conference Center, Picton, Prince Edward County, Ontario, October 29–31,, accessed on 20 April 2010.Google Scholar
  40. Society for Wind Vigilance (2010) ‘A primer on adverse health effects and industrial wind turbines’,, accessed on 20 April 2010.
  41. Sovacool, B. (2009) ‘Contextualizing avian mortality: a preliminary appraisal of bird and bat fatalities from wind, fossil-fuel, and nuclear electricity’, Energy Policy, 37: 2241–2248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. TCU/Oxford (Texas Christian University/Oxford University/NextEra) (2011), accessed on 20 April 2010.
  43. Thayer, R. (2007) ‘Twenty five points about wind energy for landscape architects’, Paper delivered in the session ‘Wind: The New Energy Landscape’ at the annual meeting of the American Society of Landscape Architects, San Francisco, October.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Martin J. Pasqualetti 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin J. Pasqualetti

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations