Advertisement

Royal Women in Late Medieval Spain: Catalina of Lancaster, Leonor of Albuquerque, and María of Castile

  • Theresa Earenfight
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)

Abstract

Queens Catalina of Lancaster (1372–1418), Leonor of Albuquerque (1374–1445), and María of Castile (1401–1458) were deeply involved in the political life of the realms of Castile and the Crown of Aragon and instrumental to the success of the Trastámara family. Like many of the women whose lives animate the chapters in this volume, they were at the center of, if not central to, significant events in their lifetimes. As Linda Mitchell demonstrates in this volume, scholars have treated noblewomen such as Joan de Valence as overshadowed by the men in their lives or have dismissed them as not important even though they left abundant narrative sources. Queens Catalina, Leonor, and María stand in the shadows of eight Trastámara monarchs of Castile, especially Fernando II of Aragón and Isabel of Castile, whose marriage in 1469 united the Castilian and Aragonese branches of the family (figure 11.1).1 Little has been written about these fascinating, controversial, and vitally important women who were part of the densely intertwined branches of a dynasty that dominated Castile, Navarre, and Aragon, and were influential in Portugal throughout the fifteenth century. Their family connections crisscross a genealogy and their marital strategies littered the papal curia with dispensations to marry close relatives. They were active in governance: Catalina was queen of Castile and had twice served as regent, once for her husband during his minority (1390) and then her infant son (1406).2

Keywords

Fifteenth Century Town Council Royal Family Public Memorial Spanish History 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Julio Valdeón Baruque, La dinastía de los Trastámara (Madrid: Ediciones El Viso, 2006).Google Scholar
  2. Glyn Redworth, Government and Society in Late Medieval Spain: From the Accession of the House of Trastámara to Ferdinand and Isabella (London: Historical Association, 1993).Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    Ana Echevarria Arsuaga, Catalina de Lancaster: reina regente de Castilla, 1372–1418 (Hondarribia: Nerea, 2002), p. 61.Google Scholar
  4. 3.
    Teofilo Ruiz, Spain’s Centuries of Crisis: 1300–1474 (Oxford: Blackwell, 2007), pp. 87–94.Google Scholar
  5. Joseph F. O’Callaghan, A History of Medieval Spain (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1975), pp. 553–555.Google Scholar
  6. Fernán Pérez de Guzmán, Pen Portraits of Illustrious Castilians [Generaciones y Semblanzas], ed. and trans. Marie Gillette and Loretta Zehngut (Washington, DC: Catholic University Press, 2003), pp. xvi–xxiv, 12–17, 51–74.Google Scholar
  7. 4.
    Alan Ryder, Alfonso the Magnanimous, King of Aragon, Naples, and Sicily, 1396–1458 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990), p. 81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 6.
    William D. Phillips, Enrique IV and the Crisis of Fifteenth-Century Castile (1425–1480) (Cambridge, MA: Medieval Academy of America, 1978).Google Scholar
  9. 7.
    James A. Brundage, Law, Sex, and Christian Society in Medieval Europe (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), pp. 235–242, 250, 275, 351–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 18.
    Manuel Dualde Serrano and José Camarena Mahigues, El compromiso de Caspe (Zaragoza: Institución “Fernando el Católico,” 1971); Ryder, Alfonso the Magnanimous, p. 26.Google Scholar
  11. 19.
    Theresa Earenfight, The King’s Other Body: María of Castile and the Crown of Aragon (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009), pp. 1–18.Google Scholar
  12. 52.
    C. Warren Hollister, “Royal Acts of Mutilation: The Case against Henry I,” Albion 10.4 (1978): 330–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 63.
    Helen Nader, ed., Power and Gender in Renaissance Spain: Eight Women of the Mendoza Family, 1450–1650) (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2004), pp. 3–4.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Charlotte Newman Goldy and Amy Livingstone 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theresa Earenfight

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations