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Prologue: The Medieval Atlantic Ocean

Chapter
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)

Abstract

The Greeks knew the Atlantic Ocean as an area of mystery littered with fantastic islands populated by incredible creatures. Romans were never really comfortable on it, although their military surveys were responsible for some of the most accurate information about it. Commerce conducted on the ocean made the Celts wealthy, and they believed that some of their deities lived on sacred islands. Vikings turned the sea into their private highway; by the eleventh century they had settlements on both the eastern and western shores. In the High Middle Ages the Atlantic assumed multiple roles from troop thoroughfare to economic freeway. Nations were fighting for control of it at the end of the medieval period, marking their areas of influence with claims ratified by the papacy.

Keywords

Canary Island Thirteenth Century Fifteenth Century Twelfth Century Trade Route 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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© Benjamin Hudson 2012

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