Advertisement

Consumption, Identities, and Agency in Africa: An Overview

  • Hans Peter Hahn
Part of the Worlds of Consumption book series (WC)

Abstract

Consumption in Africa has been an overlooked issue for a long time. In history as well as in sociology and cultural anthropology, African societies have been seen as providers of globally circulating raw materials, goods, and commodities (like rubber and ivory, but also art and slaves), but rarely has the role of consumers in these societies been considered. Even during the last years, when consumption in Africa became a major topic with regard to increasing fuel consumption and emerging environmental problems, individuals and households in Africa were still marginalized; they were not considered consumers with their own agency and culturally defined patterns and preferences. Although the level of consumption in Africa is quite low, it matters. Increased knowledge on the subject will probably not reveal a specific “African consumption pattern,” as different societies on the continent with different levels of wealth have quite divergent consumption preferences. The relevance of consumption in Africa is instead based on the extremely wide range of different needs and desires there, and on the necessity to adapt the goods available to local preferences. Perhaps the one and only particular aspect of consumption is the obvious refusal of producers worldwide to provide specifically adapted goods for markets in Africa. With few exceptions (cloth, beads) the localization of commodities in Africa has been realized through the consumers’ own agency. This agency can be linked to the most recent theories of “prosumers” and, as this chapter argues, the appropriation of goods in Africa may become a tool for the further development of current consumer theories.

Keywords

Material Culture Consumer Research Consumer Culture Material Possession Consumer Society 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. Hans Peter Hahn, ed., Consumption in Africa: Anthropological Approaches. (Berlin, 2008).Google Scholar
  2. 1.
    Jeremy Cherfas and Roger Lewin, ed., Not Work Alone: A Cross-Cultural View of Activities Superfluous to Survival. (Beverly Hills, CA, 1980).Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    Celia Lury, Consumer Culture. (Oxford, 1996)Google Scholar
  4. Daniel Miller, “Consumption and Its Consequences,” in Consumption and Everyday Life., ed. Hugh Mackay (London, 1997), 13–63.Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    Douglas J. Goodman and Mirelle Cohen, Consumer Culture: A Reference Handbook.(Santa Barbara, CA, 2003)Google Scholar
  6. Eric J. Arnould and Craig J. Thompson, “Consumer Culture Theory (CCT): Twenty Years of Research,” Journal of Consumer Research.31 (2005): 868–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Don Slater, Consumer Culture and Modernity. (Cambridge, UK, 1997)Google Scholar
  8. Slater, “The Sociology of Consumption and Lifestyle,” in The Sage Handbook of Sociology., ed. Craig Calhoun, Chris Rojek, and Bryan Turner (London, 2005), 174–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 4.
    Mary Douglas and Baron Isherwood, The World of Goods. (London, 1979)Google Scholar
  10. Pierre Bourdieu, Esquisse d’une théorie de la pratique, précéde de trios etudes d’ethnologie kabyle. (Geneva, 1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bourdieu, La distinction: Critique sociale du jugement. (Paris, 1979)Google Scholar
  12. Sidney Mintz, Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History.(New York, 1985)Google Scholar
  13. Arjun Appadurai, ed., The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective. (Cambridge, UK, 1986).Google Scholar
  14. 5.
    Benjamin S. Orlove and Henry J. Rutz, ed., The Social Economy of Consumption.(Lanham, MD, 1989).Google Scholar
  15. 6.
    Daniel Miller, “Consumption and Commodities,” Annual Review of Anthropology. 24 (1995): 141–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 7.
    Rudi Colloredo-Mansfeld, “Consuming Andean Televisions,” Journal of Material Culture. 8 (2003): 273–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 8.
    Kalman Applbaum, “The Sweetness of Salvation: Consumer Marketing and the Liberal Bourgeois Theory of Needs,” Current Anthropology. 39 (1998): 323–49CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 9.
    M. Featherstone, “Consumer Culture,” in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences., vol. 4, ed. Neil J. Smelser and Paul B. Baltes (Amsterdam, 2001), 2662–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 10.
    Jonathan Friedman, ed., Consumption and Identity. (Chur, 2004).Google Scholar
  20. 11.
    Rudi Colloredo-Mansfeld, “Consumption,” in Handbook of Economic Anthropology,.ed. James G. Carrier (Cheltenham, UK, 2005), 217.Google Scholar
  21. 12.
    Güliz Ger and Russell W. Belk, “I’d like to buy the World a Coke: Consumptionscapes of the ‘Less Affluent World,’ ” Journal of Consumer Policy. 19 (1996): 271–304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ger and Belk, “Accounting for Materialism in Four Cultures,” Journal of Material Culture. 4 (1999): 183–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Belk, “Third World Consumer Culture,” Research in Marketing. 4, suppl. (1988): 103–27Google Scholar
  24. Belk, Ger, and Soren Askegaard, “The Fire of Desire: A Multisided Inquiry into Consumer Passion,” Journal of Consumer Research. 30 (2003): 326–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 14.
    Priscilla M. Stone, Angelique Haugerud and Peter D. Little, “Commodities and Globalization: Anthropological Perspectives,” in Commodities and Globalization: Anthropological Perspectives., ed. Stone, Haugerud, and Little (Lanham, MD, 2000), 3.Google Scholar
  26. 15.
    Neil McKendrick, John Brewer and J. H. Plumb, ed., The Birth of a Consumer Society: The Commercialization of Eighteenth-Century England. (London, 1982).Google Scholar
  27. 16.
    Renate Wilke-Launer, “Zur Kasse bitte: Supermärkte für die Welt,” Der Überblick. 3 (2007): 28–34; Corporate Ethics and Fair Trading: A Nielsen Global Consumer Report.(New York, October 2008), http://se.nielsen.com/site/documents/CSR_Fairtrade_ global_reportOctober08.pdf.Google Scholar
  28. 17.
    Wilhelm Bode, Die Macht der Konsumenten. (Weimar, 1902).Google Scholar
  29. 18.
    Nico Stehr, Moral Markets: How Knowledge and Affluence Change Consumers and Products. (Boulder, CO, 2008).Google Scholar
  30. 19.
    Daniel Miller, “The Poverty of Morality,” Journal of Consumer Culture. 1 (2001): 225–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wim van Binsbergen and Peter Geschiere, eds., Commodification: Things, Agency, and Identities (The Social Life of Things Revisited). (Münster, 2005).Google Scholar
  32. 20.
    Alfred Gell, “Anthropology, Material Culture and Consumerism,” Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford. 19 (1988): 43–47.Google Scholar
  33. 21.
    Joseph Miller, “Imports at Luanda, Angola 1785–1823,” in Figuring African Trade: Proceedings of the Symposium on the Quantification and Structure of the Import and Export and Long Distance Trade in Africa, 1800–1913., ed. Gerhard Liesegang, Helma Pasch, and Adam Jones (Berlin, 1986), 164–246.Google Scholar
  34. 22.
    Alan Warde, “Notes on the Relationship between Production and Consumption,” in Consumption and Class: Divisions and Change., ed. Roger Burrows and Catherine Marsh (New York, 1992), 15–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Warde, “Consumers, Identity and Belonging: Reflections on some Theses of Zygmunt Bauman,” in The Authority of the Consumer., ed. Russell Keat, Nigel Whiteley, and Nicholas Abercrombie (London, 1994), 58–74Google Scholar
  36. Angela McRobbie, “Bridging the Gap: Feminismus, Mode und Konsum,” Feminist Review. 55 (1997): 73–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 23.
    James G. Carrier and Josiah McC. Heyman, “Consumption and Political Economy,” Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute., n.s., 3 (1997): 355–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Carrier, “Introduction,” in A Handbook of Economic Anthropology., ed. Carrier (Cheltenham, UK, and Northampton, MA, 2005), 1–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 24.
    Elizabeth C. Dunn, “Lonely Ever More: Kinship, Consumption and the Formation of Social Ties,” in Unraveling Ties: From Social Cohesion to New Practices of Connectedness., ed. Yehuda Elkana et al. (Frankfurt am Main, 2002), 284–311.Google Scholar
  40. 25.
    James G. Carrier, “The Limits of Culture: Political Economy and the Anthropology of Consumption,” in The Making of the Consumer: Knowledge, Power and Identity in the Modern World., ed. Frank Trentmann (Oxford, 2006), 271–89Google Scholar
  41. Jane I. Guyer, LaRay Denzer, and Adigun Agbaje, eds., Money Struggles and City Life: Devaluation in Ibadan and Other Urban Centers in Southern Nigeria, 1986–1996. (London, 2002)Google Scholar
  42. Parker Shipton, “How Gambians Save: Culture and Economic Strategy at an Ethnic Crossroads,” in Money Matters. Instability, Values and Social Payments in the Modern History of West African Communities., ed. Jane I. Guyer (London, 1995), 245–76.Google Scholar
  43. 26.
    Jeffrey James, Consumption, Globalization and Development. (Basingstoke, 2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. James, “Do Consumers in Developing Countries Gain or Lose from Globalization?” Journal of Economic Issues. 34 (2000): 237–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 27.
    Markus Verne, Der Mangel an Mitteln: Konsum, Kultur und Knappheit in einem Hausadorf in Niger. (Münster, 2007), which shows how people cope with limited and even decreasing financial resources in a rural setting in Niger.Google Scholar
  46. Dieter Neubert, “Researching Africa South of the Sahara: A Sociologist’s Perspective,” Afrika Spectrum.40, no. 3 (2005): 429–44.Google Scholar
  47. 30.
    Eric J. Arnould, “Ethnography, Export Marketing Policy, and Economic Development in Niger,” Journal of Public Policy & Marketing. 20 (2001): 151–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 31.
    David Parkin and Stanley Ulijaszek, ed., Holistic Anthropology: Emergence and Convergence. (New York and London, 2007).Google Scholar
  49. 32.
    Gerd Spittler, “Globale Waren-Lokale Aneignungen,” in Ethnologie der Globalisierung: Perspektiven kultureller Verflechtungen., ed. Brigitta Hauser-Schäublin and Ulrich Braukämper (Berlin, 2002), 15–30Google Scholar
  50. 33.
    Amy Stambach, “Evangelism and Consumer Culture in Northern Tanzania,” Anthropological Quarterly. 73 (2000), 171–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 34.
    A. O. Olutayo and O. Akanle, “Fast Food in Ibadan: An Emerging Consumption Pattern,” Africa. 79 (2009), 207–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 35.
    Peter Jackson, “Local Consumption Cultures in a Globalizing World,” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. 29 (2004): 165–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 36.
    Michael Taussig, “History as Commodity in Some Recent American (Anthropological) Literature,” Critique of Anthropology. 9 (1989): 7–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 37.
    Peter Stearns, Consumerism in World History: The Global Transformation of Desire.(London, 2000), 101–11.Google Scholar
  55. 38.
    Jon D. Holtzman, “The Food of Elders, the ‘Ration’ of Women: Brewing, Gender, and Domestic Processes among the Samburu of Northern Kenya,” American Anthropologist. 103 (2001): 1041–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 39.
    Immanuel Wallerstein, The Modern World-System: Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century. (New York, 1974)Google Scholar
  57. Eric R. Wolf, Europe and the People without History. (Berkeley, CA, 1982).Google Scholar
  58. 40.
    Marshall Sahlins, “Cosmologies of Capitalism: The Trans-Pacific Sector of ‘The World System,’ ” in Culture/Power/History., ed. Nicholas B. Dirks, Geoff Eley and Sherry B. Ortner (Princeton, NJ, 1993), 412–55.Google Scholar
  59. 42.
    Gisela Völger and Heiko Steuer, “Mitteleuropäische Dreibeintopfe als Vorbild für afrikanische Keramik,” Zeitschrift für Archäologie des Mittelalters. 13 (1985): 193–98.Google Scholar
  60. 43.
    Ruth Nielsen, “The History and Development of Wax-Printed Textiles Intended for West-Africa and Zaire,” in The Fabrics of Culture: The Anthropology of Clothing and Adornment., ed. Justine M. Cordwell and Ronald A. Schwarz (The Hague, 1979), 467–94Google Scholar
  61. John Picton, “Tradition, Technology and Lurex: Some Comments on Textile History and Design in West Africa,” in History, Design, and Craft in West African Strip-Woven Cloth., ed. National Museum of African Art (Washington, DC, 1992), 13–52Google Scholar
  62. Picton, The Art of African Textiles: Technology, Tradition and Lurex. (London, 1995).Google Scholar
  63. 44.
    Heinrich Barth, Reisen und Entdeckungen in Nord- und Central-Afrika. (Gotha, 1858), 1:158.Google Scholar
  64. 45.
    Arne Andersen, Der Traum vom guten Leben: Alltags- und Konsumgeschichte vom Wirtschaftswunder bis heute. (Frankfurt am Main, 1997).Google Scholar
  65. 46.
    Idelette Dugast, Monographie de la tribu des Ndiki (Banen du Cameroun)., 2 vols. (Paris, 1955–59)Google Scholar
  66. Hans-Jürgen Langenbahn, Die materielle Kultur der Ingessana (Rep. Sudan). (Egelsbach, 1993)Google Scholar
  67. Franz Kröger, Materielle Kultur und traditionelles Handwerk bei den Bulsa (Nordghana). (Hamburg, 2001)Google Scholar
  68. 47.
    Gottfried Korff, “Umgang mit Dingen,” in Lebensformen: Alltagsobjekte als Darstellung von Lebensstilveränderungen am Beispiel der Wohnung und Bekleidung der Neuen Mittelschichten., ed. Pressestelle der Hochschule der Künste Berlin (Berlin, 1991), 35–51.Google Scholar
  69. Frank Trentmann, “Knowing Consumers—Histories, Identities, Practices,” in Making of the Consumer., ed. Trentmann (Oxford, 2006), 1–27, contrasts this interpretation with the position of Veblen, Adorno, and Horkheimer, who equated consumption with the decay and decomposition of the individual’s freedom in modern societies.Google Scholar
  70. 48.
    Korff’s ideas show parallels with Annette B. Weiner’s understanding of objects in Inalienable Possessions: The Paradox of Keeping-while-Giving. (Berkeley, 1992)Google Scholar
  71. Weiner, “Cultural Difference and the Density of Objects,” American Ethnologist. 21 (1994): 391–403CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Sidney W. Mintz and Christine M. Du Bois, “The Anthropology of Food and Eating,” Annual Review of Anthropology. 31 (2002): 99–119.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 49.
    Melanie Wallendorf and Eric J. Arnould, “‘My Favorite Things’: A Cross-Cultural Inquiry into Object Attachment, Possessiveness, and Social Linkage,” Journal of Consumer Research. 14 (1988): 531–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 50.
    Akhil Gupta, “The Reincarnation of Souls and the Rebirth of Commodities: Representations of Time in ‘East’ and ‘West,”’ Cultural Critique. 22 (1992): 204.Google Scholar
  75. Monica Minnegal, “Consumption and Production: Sharing and the Social Construction of Use-Value,” Current Anthropology. 38 (1997): 25–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 51.
    Paul Nugent, “Do Nations Have Stomachs? Food, Drink and Imagined Community in Africa,” Africa Spectrum. 45, no. 3 (2010): 87–113.Google Scholar
  77. 52.
    Eric J. Arnould and Melanie Wallendorf, “Market-Oriented Ethnography: Interpretation Building and Marketing Strategy Formulation,” Journal of Marketing Research.31 (1994): 484–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 53.
    Daniel Miller, “Imported Goods as Authentic Culture,” in Produktkulturen: Dynamik und Bedeutungswandel des Konsums., ed. Reinhard Eisendle (Frankfurt am Main, 1992), 271–88.Google Scholar
  79. 54.
    Eric J. Arnould and Richard R. Wilk, “Why do the Natives Wear Adidas?,” Advances in Consumer Research. 11 (1984): 748–52.Google Scholar
  80. 55.
    Thorstein Veblen, The Theory of the Leisure Class: An Economic Study of Institutions.(New York, 1899).Google Scholar
  81. 56.
    Richard R. Wilk, “Consumer Goods as Dialogue about Development: Colonial Time and Television,” Culture and History. 7 (1990): 79–100Google Scholar
  82. Wilk, “Learning to be Local in Belize: Global Systems of Common Difference,” in Worlds Apart: Modernity through the Prism of the Local., ed. Daniel Miller (London, 1995), 110–33.Google Scholar
  83. 57.
    Jennifer Johnson-Hanks, “Women on the Market: Marriage, Consumption, and the Internet in Urban Cameroon,” American Ethnologist. 34 (2007): 642–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 58.
    Richard R. Wilk, “Emulation and Global Consumerism,” manuscript, March 1996, http://www.scribd.com/doc/21581045/Emulation-and-Global-Consumer-Culture.Google Scholar
  85. 59.
    Colin Campbell, “Consuming Goods and the Good of Consuming,” in Ethics of Consumption: The Good Life, Justice, and Global Stewardship., ed. David A. Crocker and Toby Linden (Lanham, MD, 1998), 139–54.Google Scholar
  86. 60.
    Frank Trentmann, “Beyond Consumerism: New Historical Perspectives on Consumption,” Journal of Contemporary History. 39 (2004): 373–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 61.
    Brad Weiss, The Making and Unmaking of the Haya Lived World: Consumption, Commoditization, and Everyday Practice. (Durham, NC, 1996).Google Scholar
  88. 62.
    Caroline Humphrey and Stephen Hugh-Jones, eds., Barter, Exchange and Value: An Anthropological Approach. (Oxford and New York, 1992), especially 1–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 63.
    Timothy Burke, Lifebuoy Men, Lux Women: Commodification, Consumption, and Cleanliness in Modern Zimbabwe. (Durham, NC, 1996).Google Scholar
  90. 64.
    Jon D. Holtzman, “In a Cup of Tea: Commodities and History among Samburu Pastoralists in Northern Kenya,” American Ethnologist. 30 (2003), 136–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 66.
    Ulf Hannerz, “The World in Creolization,” Africa. 57 (1987): 546–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 67.
    James G. Carrier, Gifts and Commodities: Exchange and Western Capitalism since 1700.(London, 1995), 106.Google Scholar
  93. 68.
    David Howes, “Introduction: Commodities and Cultural Borders,” in Cross-Cultural Consumption: Global Markets, Local Realities., ed. Howes (London, 1996), 1–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 69.
    Hans Peter Hahn, “Globale Güter und lokales Handeln in Afrika,” Sociologus. 54 (2004): 1–23.Google Scholar
  95. 70.
    Martha W. Rees and Josephine Smart, eds., Plural Globalities in Multiple Localities: New World Borders. (Lanham, MD, 2001).Google Scholar
  96. 71.
    Tatiana Benfoughal, “Savoir rester nomade sans pouvier l’etre: La fabrication et l’usage des nattes de tente chez les Touaregs sédentarisés de l’Ajjer,” Nomadic Peoples,.n.s., 2 (1998): 103–22Google Scholar
  97. Benfoughal, “Ces objets qui viennent d’ailleurs,” in Voyager d’un point de vue nomade., ed. Hélène Claudot-Hawad (Paris, 2002), 113–35Google Scholar
  98. Kurt Beck, “Die Aneignung der Maschine,” in New Heimat., ed. Karl-Heinz Kohl and Nicolaus Schafhausen (New York, 2001), 66–77Google Scholar
  99. Beck, “Bedfords Metamorphose: Eine Ethnographie der Aneignung des LKWs im Sudan,” in Blick nach vorn: Festgabe für Gerd Spittler zum 65. Geburtstag., ed. Beck, Till Förster, and Hans Peter Hahn (Cologne, 2004), 171–85Google Scholar
  100. Elisha P Renne and Dakyes S. Usman, “Bicycle Decoration and Everyday Aesthetics in Northern Nigeria,” African Arts. 32 (1999): 46–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 72.
    Roger Silverstone, Eric Hirsch, and David Morley, “Information and Communication Technologies and the Moral Economy of the Household,” in Consuming Technologies: Media and Information in Domestic Spaces., ed. Silverstone and Hirsch (London, 1992), 15–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 74.
    Hans Peter Hahn, “Wie kommt die chinesische Sandale nach Burkina Faso?” Das Parlament., no. 10 (2004): 24.Google Scholar
  103. 76.
    Margaret Jean Hay, “Hoes and Clothes in a Luo Household: Changing Consumption in a Colonial Economy,” in African Material Culture., ed. Mary Jo Arnoldi, Christraud M. Geary and Kris L. Hardin (Bloomington, IN, 1996), 243–61Google Scholar
  104. Hay, “Changes in Clothing and Struggles over Identity in Colonial Western Kenya,” in Fashioning Africa: Power and the Politics of Dress., ed. Jean Allman (Bloomington, IN, 2004), 67–83Google Scholar
  105. Jeremy Prestholdt, Domesticating the World: African Consumerism and the Geneologies of Globalization. (Berkeley, CA, 2008)Google Scholar
  106. Deborah Heath, “Fashion, Anti-fashion, and Heteroglossia in Urban Senegal,” American Ethnologist. 19 (1992): 19–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Hildi Hendrickson, ed., Clothing and Difference: Embodied Identities in Colonial and Post-colonial Africa. (Durham, NC, 1996).Google Scholar
  108. 77.
    Karen Tranberg Hansen, Salaula: The World of Secondhand Clothing and Zambia.(Chicago, 2000)Google Scholar
  109. 78.
    Homi Bhabha, “Of Mimicry and Man: The Ambivalence of Colonial Discourse,” in Tensions of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Bourgeois World., ed. Frederick Cooper and Ann Laura Stoler (Berkeley, CA, 1997), 152–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 79.
    Ofra Goldstein-Gidoni, “Producers of ‘Japan’ in Israel: Cultural Appropriation in a Non-Colonial Context,” Ethnos. 68 (2003): 379.Google Scholar
  111. 80.
    Eric J. Arnould, “Should Consumer Citizens Escape the Market?” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 611 (2007): 96–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 81.
    Michel de Certeau, Linvention du quotidian., vol. 1, Arts de faire. (Paris, 1980).Google Scholar
  113. 82.
    Robert S. Nelson, “Appropriation,” in Critical Terms for Art History., ed. Nelson and Richard Shiff (Chicago, 2003), 160–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 83.
    Denise Cuthbert, “Beg, Borrow or Steal: the Politics of Cultural Appropriation,” Postcolonial Studies. 1 (1998): 257–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Kathleen Ashley and Véronique Plesch, “The Cultural Processes of ‘Appropriation,’ ” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies.32 (2002): 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 84.
    Michael Taussig, Mimesis and Alterity: A Particular History of the Senses. (London, 1993).Google Scholar
  117. 85.
    Alan Warde, “Consumption and Theories of Practice,” Journal of Consumer Culture.5 (2005): 131–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The German Historical Institute 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Peter Hahn

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations