Justice after Dualism

  • Andy Scerri


A transformation of citizenship and, with it, the state and ideology has taken place in the West over the late 20th and into the 21st centuries. Central to this transformation has been a cultural ideological shift, one that has deeply affected possibilities for acting on criticisms of injustice. Concerns with ‘distribution’ that had been central to the prevailing model of social citizenship in the 20th century have been partly incorporated into relatively wider concerns. Contemporary actors involved in justifying a particular political ideology no longer do so against the backdrop of a dualist cultural ideology that sets socio-economic classes against each other in efforts to influence the rules for redistributing the wealth that subjugating nature had produced. The cultural ideological and the ‘real’ backdrop to political debate have shifted. Contemporary actors now justify themselves in relation to a holistic cultural ideology and postindustrial ecomodernizing state. This brings with it a new ‘test’ of the justice of political ideological claims, one that is cast against the backdrop of what the reflexive modernization theorists, such as Beck, regard as heightened awareness of ‘risk’ and subpolitical demands for autonomy. As social actors, parties bring to political debate a shared definition of the social good as ‘wellness’.


Fair Trade Political Participation Social Indicator Luck Egalitarianism Sovereign Wealth Fund 
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