Mission in Central Africa—MONUC/MONUSCO

  • Håkan Edström
  • Dennis Gyllensporre
Part of the New Security Challenges Series book series (NSECH)


The First Congo War began in 1996 when the Tutsi-government of Rwanda began to arm a Congolese Tutsi-group in eastern Zaire, currently known as the DR Congo. A war, involving several African states, erupted shortly afterwards. In July 1999, however, the Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement was signed by all warring parties. The UN Security Council (UNSC) authorized deployment of some 90 military liaison personnel to assist the implementation of the agreement (UNSC Res 1258/1999). The success of the agreement was short-lived, within months all sides accused the others of repeated breaches of the ceasefire accord. As a consequence, the UNSC extended the observers’ mission until January 2000 (UNSC Res 1273). Before their mandate terminated, it was decided to continue the effort by establishing the UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) (UNSC Res 1279/1999). In May 2010 the MONUC was renamed to the UN Stabilization Mission in DR Congo (MONUSCO) (UNSC Res 1925/2010). In this chapter MONUC and its sequel, MONUSCO, missions are explored further.


Military Personnel Armed Group Security Situation Liaison Officer Political Aspiration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Håkan Edström and Dennis Gyllensporre 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Håkan Edström
    • 1
  • Dennis Gyllensporre
    • 2
  1. 1.Swedish National Defence CollegeStockholmSweden
  2. 2.Department of Peace and Conflict ResearchUppsala UniversitySweden

Personalised recommendations