Mission in Southern Europe—UNFICYP
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Cyprus, a former British colony, became independent on 16 August 1960. The Constitution of the Republic was intended to balance the interests of the Greek Cypriot and the Turkish Cypriot communities. Notwithstanding, tension arose between these entities. The application of the Constitution encountered difficulties and led to a succession of constitutional crises. The accumulated tension resulted in the outbreak of violence on 21 December 1963. On 4 March 1964, the UN Security Council (UNSC) adopted a resolution (186/1964), by which it recommended the establishment of the UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP). The Force became operational on 27 March 1964 and has been on the island ever since. In this chapter the ongoing UNFICYP mission is explored further.
KeywordsBuffer Zone Security Council Force Reduction Political Aspiration Lethal Force
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