Byrnes, Bevin and the Temporary Settlement, 1946
It was clear from the London and Moscow Conferences that the success of Bevin's policy on the Italian colonies depended upon American support and whether an Anglo‐American policy could be fashioned to help avoid any undermining of Britain's position in the eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East, and thereby its standing as a great power. In the first quarter of 1946 this appeared possible in the wake of a general stiffening of the American stance towards the Soviet Union. It was the Iranian crisis which led the Truman Administration to pursue a more confrontational policy towards the Soviets in order, at this stage, to reach agreements satisfactory to US interests rather than as part of a Cold War strategy. This can be seen in the American attitude towards the Soviet claim to Tripolitania and the refashioning of American policy on the Italian colonies.
KeywordsMiddle East Foreign Minister British Government Peace Treaty Draft Article
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