Advertisement

A Third-Sector Alternative: NGOs and Grassroots Initiatives

  • Keith M. Henderson
Chapter
  • 81 Downloads
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

The search for alternative modes of service delivery has taken some unexpected turns, one of which is towards non-governmental organisations and grassroots initiatives as primary providers of the basic services normally associated with government: health, education, social welfare, shelter, emergency relief, agricultural assistance, rural credit, and others. Unlike privatisation and an expanded business sector, the ‘Third Sector’ is a less-discussed source of ongoing services. Northern NGOs were, until recently, thought of only as short-term providers of assistance or developmental catalysts. Southern NGOs and grassroots initiatives were frequently viewed as small-scale, fragmented efforts with little ability to become institutionalised, and were commonly regarded as a nuisance — if not a potential threat — by indigenous government administrators.

Keywords

Host Government World Bank Group Peace Corps Grassroots Movement Rural Credit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes and References

  1. 1.
    Letter from Raymond C. Offenheiser, President, Oxfam America, 10 June 1997.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    World Bank, World Development Report, 1997 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997). The 1997 Report emphasises ‘bringing the state back in’.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    David Korten, Getting to the 21st Century (West Hartford, Conn.: Kumarian, 1991); andGoogle Scholar
  4. When Corporations Rule the World (West Hartford, Conn.: Kumarian, 1995).Google Scholar
  5. 4.
    World Bank, The World Bank’s Partnership with Nongovernmental Organizations (Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 5 January 1996). This is a 44 page report.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 5.
    L. Gordenker and T. Weiss ‘Pluralizing Global Governance: Analytic Approaches and Dimensions’, Third World Quarterly, vol. 16 (1995).Google Scholar
  7. 6.
    Jeffrey Avina, ‘The Evolutionary Life Cycles of Nongovernmental Development Organizations’, Public Administration and Development, vol. 13 (1993), p. 468.Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    Interviews by the author were conducted in Togo in December 1992 and January 1993 in the district of Ave — approximately one hour north of the capital of Lome — with the District Prefect, village headmen and volunteer workers, principally American Peace Corps volunteers. In the capital, interviews were held with the US Ambassador to Togo, the Peace Corps Director and city-based volunteer workers.Google Scholar
  9. 8.
    P. Pradervand, Listening to Africa: Developing Africa from the Grassroots (New York: Praeger, 1989).Google Scholar
  10. 9.
    H. French, ‘Donors of Foreign Aid Have Second Thoughts’, New York Times, 7 April 1996, E5.10.Google Scholar
  11. 10.
    John Clark, Democratizing Development: The Role of Voluntary Organizations (West Hartford, Conn.: Kumarian, 1991), p. 74.Google Scholar
  12. 11.
    Peter Uvin and David Miller, ‘Paths to Scaling-up: Alternative Strategies for Local Nongovernmental Organizations’, Human Organization, vol. 55, no. 3 (1996), pp. 344–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 12.
    John Clark, Democratizing Development, op. cit., p. 11.Google Scholar
  14. 13.
    Mary Jennings, ‘New Challenges for Northern NGOs’, Trocaire Development Review, vol. 10 (1995), p. 24.Google Scholar
  15. 14.
    Milton Esman, Management Dimensions of Development (West Hartford, Conn.: Kumarian, 1991), p. 128.Google Scholar
  16. 15.
    Norman Uphoff, Learning From Gal Oya: Possibilities for Participatory Development and Post-Newtonian Social Science (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1992), p. 3.Google Scholar
  17. 16.
    Paul Streeten, ‘Nongovernmental Organizations and Development’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, vol. 554 (November 1997), p. 193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Keith M. Henderson 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keith M. Henderson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations