Alternative Administration: Human-Needs-Centred and Sustainable

  • O. P. Dwivedi
  • Keith M. Henderson
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)


In this chapter, we will sketch two ‘ideal-typical’ models of development that involve universalised values: human-needs-centred development and sustainable development. We will then examine several real-world development models (Liberal Capitalist Democratic; Communist; Sarvodaya; Islamic Revivalist; and Liberation Theology) in terms of their philosophy and application; finally, we will attempt to reassess and suggest possibilities for some of these existing development models through corresponding alternative models of development administration. Our ambition is to suggest a realistic ‘unity through diversity’, contingent upon the full potential of human nature — in its religious and cultural dimension — being effectively marshalled.


Sustainable Development Saudi Arabia Civil Servant Communist Party United Nations Development Programme 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    David Korten, When Corporations Rule the World (West Hartford, Conn.: Kumarian Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    For a multicultural analysis, see the various selections in Wendy Harcourt (ed.), Feminist Perspectives on Sustainable Development (London and New Jersey: Zed Books, 1994).Google Scholar
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    O.P. Dwivedi, Development Administration, from Underdevelopment to Sustainable Development (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1994), pp. 4–17.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    For further details, see O.P. Dwivedi, ‘Stewardship of Governance: Ethics and Values of the Public Service,’ in O.P. Dwivedi, R.B. Jain and Dhirendra K. Vajpeyi (eds), Governing India: Issues Concerning Public Policy, Institutions, and Administrations (Delhi, India: B.R. Publishing Co., 1998), pp. 1–24.Google Scholar
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    Joanna Macy, Dharma and Development: Religion as a Resource in the Sarvodaya Self-help Movement (West Hartford: Kumarian Press, 1985), p. 11.Google Scholar
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    Leonardo Boff and Claudius Boff, Introducing Liberation Theology (New York: Orbis Books, 1987), p. 42.Google Scholar
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  22. for the Peruvian experience, see Milagros Pena, Theologies and Liberation in Peru: The Role of Ideas in Social Movements (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995).Google Scholar
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    See, for example, Youssef Choueiri, Islamic Fundamentalism, revised edn (Washington, D.C.: Pinter, 1997); Dr Behrooz Kalantari, Associate Professor, Savannah State University has sympathetically interpreted Islamic Administration for the editors.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Keith M. Henderson and O. P Dwivedi 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. P. Dwivedi
  • Keith M. Henderson

There are no affiliations available

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