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Bureaucracy and the Alternatives in the Middle East

  • Ali Farazmand
Chapter
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

The Middle East is the birthplace of bureaucracy in history. It is also the birthplace of the earliest civilisation, administration, religion, culture and market institutions. Located between the East and the West, the Middle East as a region is not only one of the oldest, if not the oldest, centres of civilisation in the world, it is also one of the richest areas of the modern world. Despite rich resources and old traditions, however, most parts of the Middle East are beset by symptoms of underdevelopment, economic poverty, enduring crises leading to political instability, continuous foreign interventions, and a general lack of progress in terms of democratic institutions.

Keywords

Saudi Arabia Middle East Public Administration Administrative System Arab World 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Farazmand

There are no affiliations available

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