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Readjusting Labour: Enterprise Restructuring, Social Consequences and Policy Responses in Urban China

  • Sarah Cook
Chapter
Part of the Studies on the Chinese Economy book series (STCE)

Abstract

China is in the midst of a major social transformation. In recent months, the attention of the media, researchers and policy makers has focused on what could be the greatest threat to social – and therefore political – stability since the demonstrations in Tiananmen Square in 1989. A principal cause of this social transformation is the changing place of labour in the ‘workers’ state’. Since 1949, state sector industrial workers have held a privileged position in China’s spatial and employment hierarchies. Protected by city residents’ registration (hukou), with access to urban amenities and social services provided by government or the work unit (danwei), they have been cocooned within an ‘iron rice-bowl’ system aptly described as a ‘mini-welfare state’.

Keywords

Unemployment Insurance Work Unit Urban Poverty Social Insurance System Enterprise Restructuring 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited  2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Cook

There are no affiliations available

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