Hyderabadis in Pakistan: Changing Nations



When India won its freedom from the British in 1947, religious or communal tensions persuaded the departing colonial rulers to create two states, not just one, in South Asia. India, led by the long-standing nationalist and secular Congress Party, had a majority Hindu population, and Pakistan, led by the Muslim League, had a majority Muslim population. This last-minute partition produced massive movements of Hindus and Sikhs from Pakistan and Muslims from India as people fled from their homes, fearing violence or hoping for a brighter future. Many lives were lost in the migrations and riots which followed immediately upon independence in August of 1947,2 and this situation of migration and communalism has become paradigmatic for South Asia, fuelling political conflicts over possible further partitions of states in the subcontinent.


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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2001

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