Church–State Relations in the Transition: A Historical Perspective

  • Beatrice Leung


In the modern world, Christian ideology has, at various times had a significant impact on the socio-economic and political development of societies. The relationship between church and state can positively or negatively affect political stability in a society (Weigel 1987, 1992). There are several models of church–state relations. In many colonies, there was a partnership or contractual relationship between church and state to share the workload in areas such as education, social services and medicine. Often the government would grant land and financial aid for recurrent expenditure to church schools, as well as helping medical and social service institutes (Igwe 1967). This was a mechanism for channelling resources to the Church, when its members became involved in progressive social movements (Chan 1995, McCarthy, Britt and Wolfson 1991). Depending on the path of development of the church–state relationships, the channelling mechanism had various socio-political implications (McCarthy 1991).


Chinese Communist Party Catholic School Religious Freedom Christian Church Mission School 
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© Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 2000

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  • Beatrice Leung

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