The Political Party System of India: From One-Party Dominance to No-Party Dominance
The Indian party system is one of the most paradoxical systems in the world. As a system, it is rigid enough to withstand continuous defections and yet fluid enough to absorb new alliances; inclusive enough to accommodate the immense diversity and yet exclusive enough to be controlled by one family; mature enough to allow peaceful turnovers and yet inapt enough to arouse spontaneous violence; and, finally, old enough to become “one of the world’s oldest” and yet youthful enough to produce new parties overnight. Its ever-evolving character, with strong qualities of adaptation and resilience, defies the conventional wisdom on political parties.
KeywordsPolitical Party Political Competition Party System Opposition Parti Parliamentary Election
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 8.T. J. Pempel, “Introduction,” in T. J. Pempel, ed., Uncommon Democracies: The One-Party Dominant Regimes (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1990),Google Scholar
- 14.Paul R. Brass, “Democracy and Political Participation in India,” in Myron L. Cohen, ed., Asia: Case Studies in the Social Sciences: A Guide for Teaching (New York: M.E. Sharpe, 1992).Google Scholar
- 19.Myron Weiner, Party-Building in a New Nation: Indian National Congress (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1967).Google Scholar
- 20.Stanley A. Kochanek, The Congress Party of India (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1968).Google Scholar
- 25.Rajni Kothari, Politics and the People (New York: Horizon, 1989).Google Scholar
- 27.Paul R. Brass agues that due to these practices, the Congress (I) Party turned into a cadre party in the 1970s–80s. See, Paul R. Brass, Caste, Faction and Party in Indian Politics (Delhi: Chanakya, 1983).Google Scholar
- 28.There is a near consensus on the after-effects of Mrs. Gandhi’s governance style. See, Henry C. Hart, ed., Indira Gandhi’s India: A Political System Reap-praided (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1976).Google Scholar
- 29.Wyndraeth H. Morris-Jones, “Dominance and Dissent,” in Morris-Jones, Politics Mainly Indian (Madras: Orient Longman, 1978), p.217.Google Scholar
- 30.Robert L. Hardgrave & Stanley A. Kochanek, India: Government and Politics in a Developing Nation (Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1993), p.258.Google Scholar
- 42.C. Rangarajan, et alia, Strategies for Industrial Development in 1980s (New Delhi: Oxford University, 1981).Google Scholar