The Last Trump
This chapter examines the propaganda and psychological warfare techniques employed against Egypt in the period from the creation of the Baghdad Pact through to the 1956 Suez Crisis and the enunciation of the ‘Eisenhower Doctrine’ in January 1957. From September 1955 to July 1956, the perception of a growing Egyptian threat acted as a unifying force within Anglo-American relations in the Middle East. The identification of Nasser as the major obstacle to the pursuit of Western objectives and the bid to forge a joint policy to counteract his influence signified a major attempt to bring British and American policies back into line. Nevertheless, even before the nationalisation of the Suez Canal Company in July 1956 and the Anglo-American schism that followed, it was apparent that British and American policy makers held very different views of what Nasser was a threat to and what the best means of countering his activities were. Rightly or wrongly, both Britain and the US had come to see Egypt as the chief obstacle to an Arab-Israeli settlement. At the same time, however, the main source of British hostility to Nasser was the belief that he was seeking to undermine British influence in Iraq, Jordan and the Persian Gulf. It was this idea of Nasser as an ‘Arab Mussolini’ bent upon the elimination of British influence in the Middle East that convinced Eden that the Egyptian President was a mortal danger to British interests who had to be broken.
KeywordsPropa Syria Sewage Fishing Egypt
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