The Business of Climate1 — Propaganda as the Fourth Dimension of Foreign Policy
  • James R. Vaughan
Part of the Cold War History Series book series (CWH)


This book is about the role of propaganda as an instrument of foreign policy and the erosion of Western prestige in the post-war Middle East. The diplomatic, economic and military elements of Western strategic policy in the post-war Middle East have been the focus of much scholarly attention in recent years. The pages that follow investigate the psychological dimension of American and British policy in the Middle East between 1945 and 1957. In 1953, the Drogheda committee of enquiry into the British overseas information services argued that propaganda could never stand alone as a viable substitute for policy. Angus Malcolm, head of the Foreign Office’s Information Policy Department (IPD) had argued two years previously that

Propaganda and diplomacy are complementary instruments of policy and [our policy objectives in the Middle East] can best be achieved by a combination of both. … Moreover there will be occasions when the primary object of our diplomatic action should be to provide material for our propaganda.2

Too often in academic considerations of Western policy towards the Middle East, this relationship between propaganda and diplomacy has been ignored.


Foreign Policy Middle East Arab World British Broadcasting Corporation American Official 
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Copyright information

© James R. Vaughan 2005

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  • James R. Vaughan

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