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Violence Re-visited: Young Ireland and ’98

  • Stuart Andrews
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Abstract

Queen Victoria’s 1843 Speech from the throne, delivered in person on 24 August, deplored ‘the persevering efforts which are being made to stir up discontent and disaffection among my subjects in Ireland, and to excite them to demand a Repeal of the Legislative Union’. While committing the government to administering Ireland ‘in a spirit of strict justice and impartiality’, her Majesty continued:

From a deep conviction that the Legislative Union is not less essential to the attainment of those objects than to the strength and stability of the empire, it is my firm determination, with your support, and under the blessing of DIVINE PROVIDENCE, to maintain inviolate that great bond of connexion between the two countries.

Keywords

Catholic Priest Potato Blight Great Famine Divine Providence Repeal Association 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    Printed in R. Montgomery Martin, England before and after the Union with Great Britain (1843) p. ii.Google Scholar
  2. 12.
    Sir Charles Duffy, Young Ireland, 1840–45 (1880) in Wright [1.93] p. 142.Google Scholar
  3. 19.
    See also P. Gibbons, The origins of Ulster Unionism: the formation of popular Protestant politics and ideology in nineteenth-century Ireland (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1975).Google Scholar
  4. 55.
    see C. Toíbín’s introduction to C. Toíbín and D. Ferriter, The Irish famine: a documentary (Profile books, 2001) pp. 3–36.Google Scholar
  5. 58.
    J. Mitchel, Jail Journal: or five years in British prisons etc (New York, 1854) in Toibin and Ferriter, pp. 9–10.Google Scholar
  6. 59.
    On the Gregory clause see J. O’Rourke, History of the great Irish famine of 1847 (1874): ‘A more complete engine for the slaughter and expatriation of a people was never devised’.Google Scholar
  7. 60.
    See also Sir Charles Trevelyan, Irish crisis… the great Irish famine of 1846–7… (1848).Google Scholar
  8. 61.
    T. O’Neill, ‘Famine evictions’ in C. King (ed.) Famine, land and culture in Ireland (Dublin, 2000).Google Scholar
  9. 63.
    J. Mitchel, The last conquest of Ireland (perhaps) (Glasgow, 1876).Google Scholar
  10. see K. T. Hoppen, Ireland since 1800 2nd edn (Longman, 1999) chs 2 and 3.Google Scholar
  11. see P. O’Farrell, ‘Whose reality? The Irish famine in history and literature’, Historical Studies (Australia, 1982–3) 20 pp. 1–13.Google Scholar

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© Stuart Andrews 2006

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  • Stuart Andrews

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