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Debating the Union

  • Stuart Andrews
Chapter
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Abstract

The Act of Union, which came into effect on 1 January 1801, was more than a legislative union centred on Westminster. The Scottish Act of Union had seen the uniting of parliaments, but the Irish Act would unite churches as well as legislatures. The Act’s fifth article provided that

the Doctrine, Worship, Discipline and Government of the said United Church shall be and shall remain in full force for ever, as the same are now by law established in the Church of England; and that the Continuance and Preservation of the said United Church, as the established Church of England and Ireland, shall be deemed and taken to be an essential part of the Union.

Keywords

British Empire Absentee Landlord Irish Policy British Minister Armed Rebel 
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Notes

  1. 1.
    For text of the Act of Union see W. C. Costin and J. S. Watson, Law and working of the constitution: documents 1660–1914 2 vols (Black, 1952) ii pp. 20–8.Google Scholar
  2. See also J. G. A. Pocock, ‘The Union in British history’ in TRHS (6th series) × (2000) p. 195.Google Scholar
  3. 2.
    A. Jackson, ‘The Irish Act of Union’, History Today 51 (Jan. 2001) p. 23.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. Plowden, History of Ireland from its union with Great Britain in January 1801 to October 1810 3 vols (Dublin, 1811).Google Scholar
  5. 28.
    Clare to Castlereagh 16 October 1798 in Correspondence of Viscount Castlereagh ed. Marquis of Londonderry, 4 vols (1848–53) i pp. 393–4.Google Scholar
  6. 29.
    See T. Bartlett, Fall and rise of the Irish nation: the catholic question 1690–1830 (Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1992) pp. 246–8.Google Scholar
  7. See also G. C. Bolton, The passing of the Irish Act of Union; a study in parliamentary politics (1961).Google Scholar
  8. 34.
    T. Newenham, View of the natural, political and commercial circumstances of Ireland (1809) p. 273.Google Scholar
  9. 35.
    T, Newenham, An obstacle to the ambition of France; or thoughts on the expediency of improving the political condition of his Majesty’s Irish Roman Catholic subjects (1803).Google Scholar
  10. 40.
    Arthur Young’s Tour in Ireland (1780).Google Scholar
  11. 52.
    T. Newenham, Statistical and historical inquiry into the progress and magnitude of the population of Ireland (1805).Google Scholar
  12. 69.
    see W. Hague, William Pitt the Younger (HarperCollins, 2004) pp. 469–71.Google Scholar
  13. 75.
    [W. Drennan], Protest from one of the People of Ireland against a Union with Great Britain (Dublin, 1800) pp. 4, 8.Google Scholar
  14. 76.
    W. Drennan, Letter to the Right Honourable William Pitt (Dublin, 1799) pp. 4–5.Google Scholar
  15. 79.
    W. Drennan, Second Letter to the Right Honourable William Pitt (Dublin, 1799) p. 5.Google Scholar

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© Stuart Andrews 2006

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  • Stuart Andrews

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