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1798: Bicentennial Verdict

  • Stuart Andrews
Chapter

Abstract

In June 1798, Lord Cornwallis, newly appointed Viceroy of Ireland, commented to the Duke of Portland on ‘the folly which has been so prevalent in this question of substituting the word Catholicism, instead of Jacobinism, as the foundation of the present rebellion’.1 London’s Antijacobin Review, which made its first appearance the following month, managed to turn even Catholics into Jacobins, by applying the ‘Jacobin’ label to all who it thought posed a threat to the political and religious Establishment — on either side of the Irish Sea.2 Less polemically, modern historians have tried to decide how far, and how early, the Presbyterianled United Irishmen adopted French republican principles — as opposed to republican rhetoric — and how far the largely Catholic Defenders had been politicized, however crudely, by Paine’s Rights of Man.

Keywords

French Revolution National Guard National Convention Religious Liberty Political Rapproche 
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Notes

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© Stuart Andrews 2006

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  • Stuart Andrews

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