Advertisement

Latin America: A New Developmental Welfare State in the Making?

  • Sônia M. Draibe
  • Manuel Riesco
Chapter
Part of the Social Policy in a Development Context book series (SPDC)

Abstract

As the new century begins, LA seems to be approaching yet another historical crossroads, where a new development strategy could be evolving. Far from a nostalgic return to past models, the strategy that today defines the region seems original, in at least three important dimensions: its new contents, the international geometry over which it is projected and, in particular, the complexity of the historical inheritance from which it develops. Social policy has acquired a renewed importance, integrated together with economic policy, in a way that may become similar to what UNRISD has summarized as socially inclusive, economically developmental, and democratic. The geopolitical dimension of the new strategy seems to be a wider, integrated, multinational LA region.

Keywords

Gross Domestic Product Latin American Country Social Protection Free Trade Agreement Capita Gross Domestic Product 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abrahamson, P. (1999). The Male Breadwinner Model under Change: The Case of Germany Towards the 21st Century (Draft). Copenhagen: University of Copenhagen.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, P. (1974). Lineages of the Absolutist State. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  3. Blackburn, R. (1997). The Making of New World Slavery. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  4. Briggs, A. (1961). ‘The Welfare State in Historical Perspective’. Archives Européennes de Sociologie 2, 228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cardoso, F. and Falleto, E. (1973). Dependency and Development in Latin America. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  6. Castles, F. G. (1993). The Welfare State Reader. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  7. CELADE/BID (Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia/Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo) (1996). Impacto de las tendencias demogrâficas sobre los sectores sociales en América Latina; contribuci6n al diseno de polfticas y programas. Serie E (45), CELADE: Santiago de Chile.Google Scholar
  8. CENDA (2004a). Centro de Estudios Nacionales de Desarrollo Alternativo. Base de Datos Cuademos de In formacion Econômica de Prensa. Santiago: CENDA.Google Scholar
  9. CENDA (2004b). ‘Propuesta para una Nueva Politica de Integración Regional’. http://cep.cl/CENDA/Proyectos/Minsegpres/Propuesta_Integracion.doc. Accessed on 17 November 2004.Google Scholar
  10. CENDA (2004c). ‘Propuesta para una Reforma del Sistema de AFP’. http://cep.cl/CENDA/Cen_Documentos/Indice_AFP_CENDA/Varios_CENDA_AFP/Propuesta_Reforma.doc. Accessed on 17 November 2004.Google Scholar
  11. CENDA (2004d). ‘Propuesta para un Nuevo Esquema de Royalty e Impuestos para la Mineria’. http://cep.cl/CENDA/Cen_Documentos/Cobre/Impuestos_Mineria_0408.doc. Accessed on 17 November 2004.Google Scholar
  12. Chang, Ha-Joon (2002). ‘The Role of Social Policy in Economic Development. Some Theoretical Reflections and Lessons from East Asia’. Background paper for the UNRISD Project on Social Policy in a Development Context. Geneva: UNRISD.Google Scholar
  13. Cochrane, A., Clarke, J. and Sharon, G. (1997). Comparing Welfare States. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  14. Dornbusch, R. and Sebastian, E. (eds) (1991). ‘The Macroeconomics of Populism in Latin America’. National Bureau of Economic Research Conference Report. Cambridge, MA: NBER.Google Scholar
  15. Dos Santos, T. (1972). Socialismo o Facismo, El Dilema de América Latina. Buenos Aires: Editora Periferia.Google Scholar
  16. Draibe, S. M. (2003). ‘A politica social do governo FHC e o sistema de proteçâo social’, in B. Sallum, (ed.) Revista Tempo Social, 15 (2).Google Scholar
  17. Draibe, S. M. (2002). ‘Brasil 1980–2000: Proteçâo e insegurança sociais em tempos dificeis’ in ’Social Protection in an Insecure Era: A South-South Exchange on Alternative Social Policy Responses to Globalization’, Draft Report on the SU/TCDC, UNDP Inter-Regional Workshop. Santiago: UNDP. http://videos.cep.cl/sw2002. Accessed on 17 November 2004.Google Scholar
  18. Draibe, S. M. (1995). ‘América Latina: O Sistema de Proteçâo Social na Década da Crise e das Reformas, Cadernos de Pesquisa’. Sao Paulo: NEPP/UNICAMP.Google Scholar
  19. Draibe, S. M. and Aureliano, L. (1989a). ‘A especificidade do Welfare State Brasileiro. A Politica Social em Tempo de Crise’. Economia Desenvolvimento, 3. Brasilia: MPAS/CEPAL.Google Scholar
  20. Draibe, S. M. and Aureliano, L. (1989b). ‘An Overview of Social Development in Brazil’. CEPAL Review, 39, 47–61.Google Scholar
  21. ECLAC (2002). Statistical Yearbook. Santiago: ECLAC.Google Scholar
  22. Esping-Andersen, G. (2002). Why We Need a New Welfare State. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Esping-Andersen, G. (1999). Social Foundations of Post-Industrial Economies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Esping-Andersen, G. (ed.) (1996). Welfare States in Transition: National Adaptations in Global Economies. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  25. Esping-Andersen, G. (1994). ‘Equality and Work in the Post-Industrial Lifecycle’ in Miliband, D. (ed.) Reinventing the Left. Cambridge: Polity.Google Scholar
  26. Esping-Andersen, G. (1990). Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  27. Fazio, H. (2004). Cartas Económicas. http://cep.cl/CENDA/Cen_Documentos/Cartas_Economicas. Accessed on 17 November 2004.Google Scholar
  28. Fazio, H. (2003). Quienes Gobiernan America Latina? Santiago: LOM Ediciones.Google Scholar
  29. Fazio, H. (2000). La transnacionalizacion de la economia chilena: Mapa de la extrema riqueza al an o 2000. Santiago: LOM Ediciones.Google Scholar
  30. Ferrera, M. (1997). ‘General Introduction’, in U. Ascoli, D. Bouget, M. Ferrera, M. Maravall, Y. Mény and M. Rhodes (eds), Comparer les systèmes de protection sociale en Europe du SUD. Paris: MIRE.Google Scholar
  31. Ferrera, M. (1996). ‘The Southern Model of Welfare in Social Europe’. Journal of European Social Policy, 6 (1), 17–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Ffrench-Davis, R. (2003). Press clippings in CENDA Cuadernos de Informaciôn Econ-ômica de Prensa and interventions in panels in CENDA. http://www.cenda.cep.cl.Google Scholar
  33. Ffrench-Davis, R. (2002). Economic Reforms in Chile from Dictatorship to Democracy. Michigan: Michigan University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Ffrench-Davis, R. (ed.) (2001). Financial Crises in ‘Successful’ Emerging Economies. Washington DC: Brookings Institution Press/ECLAC.Google Scholar
  35. Flaquer, L. (2000). ‘Family Policy and Welfare State in Southern Europe’. Working Paper, 185. Barcelona: Institut de Ciencias Politicas i Socials.Google Scholar
  36. Flora, P. (1986). Growth to Limits. Berlin: Praeger.Google Scholar
  37. Flora, P. and Heidenheimer, A. J. (eds) (1986). The Development of Welfare States in Europe and America. New Brunswick: Transaction Books and the HIWED Project.Google Scholar
  38. Fukuyama, F. (2004). State-Building: Governance and World Order in the 21st Century. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  39. Furtado, C. (1965). Dialéctica del desarrollo. Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Economica.Google Scholar
  40. Furtado, C. (1964). Desarrollo y subdesarrollo. Buenos Aires: EUDEBA.Google Scholar
  41. Giddens, A. (ed.) (2001). The Global Third Way Debate. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  42. Giddens, A. (1998). The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  43. Giddens, A. (1994). Beyond Left and Right. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  44. Gill, S., Truman, P. and Juan, Y. (2004). Keeping the Promise of Old Age Income Security in Latin America: A Regional Study of Social Security Reforms. Washington DC: World Bank. http://wb1n1018.worldbank.org/LAC/LAC.nsf/0/146EBBA3371508E785256CBB005C29B4?Opendocument. Accessed on 17 November 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Goldman Sachs (2003). ‘Dreaming With BRICs. The Path to 2050’. Global Economics Paper, 99. Economic Research from the GS Financial Workbench.Google Scholar
  46. Gough, I. (2001). ‘Globalization and Regional Welfare Regimes: the East Asian Case’. Global Social Policy, 1 (2), 163–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Gough, I. (1999). ‘Welfare Regimes: Some Initial Notes on Adapting the Framework to Developing Countries’. European Forum Conference Paper WS/95, European University Institute.Google Scholar
  48. Haslam, J. (2004). ‘The Death of Allende’s Chile: A Case of Assisted Suicide’. Manuscript. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  49. Hobsbawm, E. (2000). The Age of Capital. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.Google Scholar
  50. Hobsbawm, E. (1998). The Communist Manifesto. Modern Edition. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  51. Hobsbawm, E. (1995). The Age of Extremes. Maine: Abacus.Google Scholar
  52. Hobsbawm, E. (1989). The Age of Empire. Maine: Abacus.Google Scholar
  53. Hobsbawm, E. (1988). The Age of Revolutions. Maine: Abacus.Google Scholar
  54. Holliday, I. (2000). ‘Productivist Welfare Capitalism: Social Policy in East Asia’. Political Studies, 48, 706–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. INP (Instituto de Normalización Provisional) (2004). ‘Chile: Proyección Previsional de la Población Afiliada y Cotizante a las AFP’. Santiago: INP. http://cep.cl/Cenda/Proyectos/INP/INP.htm.Google Scholar
  56. IRES (Institut de recherche économique et sociale) (1984). Protection Sociale dans le Monde. Paris: IRES.Google Scholar
  57. Jocelyn-Holt, A. (1999). La Independencia de Chile. Santiago: Planeta.Google Scholar
  58. Kuhnle, S. (2002). ‘Productive Welfare in Korea: Moving Towards a European Welfare State Type?’. Paper ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops. Torino: ECPR.Google Scholar
  59. Kwon, H-j. (2003). Social Policy in a Development Context. Draft. Geneva: UNRISD.Google Scholar
  60. Kwon, H.-j. (2002a). ‘Transforming the Developmental Welfare State: A Comparative Study of the East Asian countries’. A Project within the UNRISD Research Area ’Social Policy in a Development Context’. Geneva: UNRISD. http://cep. cl/CENDA/Proyectos/UNRISD/References/Profect_Proposal_Kwon.doc.Google Scholar
  61. Kwon, H.-j. (2002b). ‘The Economic Crisis and the Politics of Welfare Reform in Korea’. Background paper for a Project within the UNRISD Research Area ’Social Policy in a Development Context’. Geneva: UNRISD.Google Scholar
  62. Kwon, H.-j. (1999). The Welfare State in Korea: The Politics of Legitimation. London: St Martin’s Press.Google Scholar
  63. Lipschutz, A. (1955). ‘El Problema Racial en la Conquista de América y el Mestizaje’, in J. Cademârtori (1972) La Economla Chilena. Santiago: Cormoran.Google Scholar
  64. MacDermott, J., Karshenas, M., Kwon, H-J. and Valentine, V. (2003). Social Policy in a Development Context: Social Policy and Economic Development in the Middle East and North Africa. Geneva: UNRISD.Google Scholar
  65. Mesa-Lago, C. (2002). ‘Models of Development, Social Policy and Reform in Latin America’. Background paper for the UNRISD Project ’Social Policy in a Development Context’. Geneva: UNRISD.Google Scholar
  66. Mesa-Lago, C. (1994). La reforma de la seguridad social en America Latina y el Caribe. Santiago: Ciedess.Google Scholar
  67. Mesa-Lago, C. (1989). Ascent to Bankruptcy. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
  68. Mesa-Lago, C. (1978). Social Security in Latin America. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.Google Scholar
  69. Midgley, J. (2003). ‘Assets in the Context of Welfare Theory: A Developmentalist Interpretation’. Working Paper 03–10, Center for Social Development. Washington D.C.: University of Washington Press.Google Scholar
  70. Midgley, J. and Sherraden, M. (2000). ‘The Social Development Perspective in Social Policy’, in J. Midgley, B. Martin, T. Livermore and M. Livermore (eds), Handbook of Social Policy. London: Sage, pp. 435–46.Google Scholar
  71. Midgley, J. and Sherraden, M. (1999). ‘Growth, Redistribution and Welfare: Toward Social Investment’, Social Service Review (March), 3–21.Google Scholar
  72. Midgley, J. and Sherraden, M. (1995). Social Development: The Developmental Perspective in Social Welfare. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  73. MIRE-DRESS (1999). Comparing Social Welfare Systems in Nordic Europe and France. Edited by P. Abrahamson, D. Blancher, A. Hatland, N. Lefaucheur, J. Palme and H. Uutisalo. Paris: MIRE-CNRS.Google Scholar
  74. MIRE-DRESS (1997). Comparer les systèmes de protection sociale en Europe du SUD. Edited by U. Ascoli, D. Bouget, M. Ferrera, M. Maravall, Y. Mény and M. Rhodes. Paris: MIRE.Google Scholar
  75. MIRE-DRESS (1996). Comparer les systèmes de protection sociale en Europe, vol. 2. Edited by W. Abelshauser, R. Delorme, B. Jobert and F. X. Kaufmann. Paris: MIRE.Google Scholar
  76. MIRE-DRESS (1995). Comparer les systèmes de protection sociale dans l’Europe, vol. 1. Edited by A. M. Guillemard, J. Lewis, S. Ringen and R. Salis, Paris: MIRE.Google Scholar
  77. MIRE-DRESS (1990). ‘Les comparaisons internationales des politiques et des systèmes de sécurité sociale’. Paris: Association Internationale de Sécurité Sociale.Google Scholar
  78. Mkandawire, T. (2002). ‘Courrier de la Planète: Développement, environnement, les défis d’un monde solidaire’. Draft country papers on Social Policy in LA in a Development Context 67 (1).Google Scholar
  79. Mkandawire, T. (2001). Social Policy in a Development Context. Geneva: UNRISD.Google Scholar
  80. Mkandawire, T. and Virginia, R. (2000). ‘Globalization and Social Development after Copenhagen: Premises, Promises and Policies’. Project entitled ‘Geneva 2000: The Next Step in Social Development’. Geneva: UNRISD. http://www.unrisd.org/unrisd/website/document.nsf/(httpPublications)/DEA5491C2B61C47980256B67005B74CB?OpenDocument.Google Scholar
  81. Ocampo, J. (2002). ‘Globalization and Development’. Paper presented at the International Seminar on ’New International Trends for Economic Development’. Rio de Janeiro: BNDES.Google Scholar
  82. Offe, C. (1984). Contradictions of the Welfare State. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  83. Orloff, A. S. (2003). ‘Systems of Social Provision and Regulation’. Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association. Halifax, 31 May.Google Scholar
  84. Orloff, A. S., Clemens, E. and Adams, J (2004). Remaking Modernity: Politics, History and Sociology. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Google Scholar
  85. Orloff, A. S., Clemens, E. and Adams, J. (2003). ‘Social Theory, Modernity, and the Three Waves of Historical Sociology’. Working Paper 206. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  86. Orloff, A. S., Clemens, E. and Adams, J. (1988). ‘Understanding American Social Politics’, in M. Weir, A. S. Orloff and T. Skocpol (eds), The Political Origins of America’s Belated Welfare State. Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 37–80.Google Scholar
  87. Pierson, P. (2004). Politics in Time: History, Institutions and Social Analysis. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  88. Pierson, P. (ed.) (2001). The New Politics of the Welfare State. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  89. Pierson, P. (1998). Irresistible Forces, Immovable Objects: Post-Industrial WelfareGoogle Scholar
  90. States Confront Permanent Austerity’. Journal ofEuropean Public Policy, 5 (4), 539–60.Google Scholar
  91. Pierson, P. (1994). Dismantling the Welfare State? Reagan, Thatcher and the Politics of Retrenchment. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Powell M., and Barrientos, A. (2004). ‘Welfare Regimes and the Welfare Mix’. European Journal of Politics 43 (1), 83–105.Google Scholar
  93. PT (Partido dos Trabalhadores) (2002). ‘Programa de Governo’. http://www.pt.org.br/.Google Scholar
  94. Ramirez, H. (1972). Balmaceda y la contrarevoluciôn de 1891. Santiago: Editorial Universitaria.Google Scholar
  95. Ricupero, R. (2004). Farewell Speech as Director of UNCTAD, Geneva, September 12, 2004. http://cep.cl/UNRISD/References/UNCTAD/Ricupero.pdf. Accessed on 17 November 2004.Google Scholar
  96. Riesco, M. (2004). ‘Pay Your Taxes! Corporate Social Responsibility in the Mining Industry in Chile’. Paper prepared for UNRISD. http://cep.cl/UNRISD/UNRISD_CSR/Mining_CSR_Chile. doc.Google Scholar
  97. Riesco, M. (2003). ‘Social Policy in Late Industrializers: A Comparative Study of Latin America’. UNRISD Project. Geneva: UNRISD. http://cep.cl/UNRISD/Papers/LA_Research_Questions/UNRISD_Paper.doc. Accessed on 17 November 2004.Google Scholar
  98. Riesco, M. (2002). ‘Chile: 20 Years of Liberal Experiences in Social Protection’. Brief of the Report to UNDP Inter-Regional Workshop, Santiago, Chile, May 14–17, 2002. http://videos.cep.cl/sw2002/Informe_Chile/SW2002_Chile_Brief.html. Accessed on 17 November 2004.Google Scholar
  99. Riesco, M. (1995). ‘Honour and Glory to the Jacobins!’ New Left Review, 212, 55–67.Google Scholar
  100. Rimlinger, G. V. (1971). Welfare Policy and Industrialisation in Europe, America, and Russia. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  101. Sabel, C. F. and Zeitlin, J. (2004). ‘Active Welfare, Experimental Governance, Pragmatic Constitutionalism: The New Transformation of Europe’. Revised draft of a paper presented at International Conference of the Hellenic Presidency of the EU: The New Transformation of Europe’. Revised draft of a paper presented at International Conference of the Hellenic Presidency of the EU, ’The Modernisation of the European Social Model and EU Policies and Instruments’, Ioannina, Greece, 21–22 May 2003.Google Scholar
  102. Skocpol, T. (1992). Protecting Soldiers and Mothers. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  103. Sen, A. (1999). Development as Freedom. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.Google Scholar
  104. Stallings, B. (2002). ‘Social Protection in an Insecure Area: A South-South Exchange on Alternative Social Policies Responses to Globalization’. Inter-Regional Workshop, Santiago, Chile, 14–17 May 2002. http://videos.cep.cl/sw2002/SW2002_Movies.html. Accessed on 17 November 2004.Google Scholar
  105. Standing, G. (2002). ‘Globalisation: The Eight Crises of Social Protection’. UNDP Inter-Regional Workshop, Santiago, Chile, 14–17 May.Google Scholar
  106. Stiglitz, R. (2003). Press clippings in CENDA Cuadernos de Información Económica de Prensa. http://cenda.cep.clGoogle Scholar
  107. Suleiman, E. (2003). The Dismantling of Democratic States. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  108. Taylor-Gooby, P. (2001). ‘The Silver Age of the Welfare State: Resilience and Contingency’. Presented at the Hellenic Social Policy Association Inaugural Conference, 10–13 May.Google Scholar
  109. Taylor-Gooby, P. (ed.) (2000). Risk, Trust and Welfare. Basingstoke: Macmillan Press.Google Scholar
  110. Taylor-Gooby, P. (1998). ‘Convergence and Divergence in European Welfare States’, in R. Jowell, J. Curtice, L. Brook and A. Park (eds), European Social Attitudes: The 3rd ISSP Report. Aldershot: SCPR.Google Scholar
  111. The Economist (2002). ‘Brazil’s Presidential Election: The Meaning of Lula for Latin American Democracy. How Good for Brazil?’, 5 October.Google Scholar
  112. Therborn, G. (2002). ‘Between Sex and Power: The Family in the World of the 20th Century’. Yale Colloquium on Comparative Social Research. New Haven, Yale Papers.Google Scholar
  113. Therborn, G. (ed.) (1999). Globalizations and Modernities. Stockholm: FRN.Google Scholar
  114. Therborn, G. (1995). European Modernity and Beyond: The Trajectory of European Societies, 1945–2000. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. Théret, B. (1995). ‘De la comparabilité des systémes nationaux de protection sociale dans les sociétés salariales’. Paris: Université Paris Dauphine.Google Scholar
  116. Tittmuss, R. (1958). Essays on the Welfare State. London: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
  117. UNDP (2002). ‘Social Protection in an Insecure Area: A South—South Exchange on Alternative Social Policies Responses to Globalization’. Final Report. Inter-Regional Workshop, Santiago, Chile, 14–17 May 2002. http://videos.cep.cl/sw2002/Informe_Final/SW2002_Final_Report.html. Accessed on 17 November 2004.Google Scholar
  118. UNRISD (2005). ‘The Pay Your Taxes Debate!’ http://www.corporate-accountability.org/docs/UNRISD_taxes-Chile_Riesco.pdf. Accessed September 2005.Google Scholar
  119. UNRISD (2003a). ‘Late Industrializers and the Development of the Welfare State’. Draft paper. Geneva: UNRISD.Google Scholar
  120. UNRISD (2003b). ‘Sub-Saharan Africa and the Challenge of Social Policy’. Report of the UNRISD Methodology Workshop, Social Policy in a Development Context, 27–8 February 2003, Rhodes University, South Africa.Google Scholar
  121. UNRISD (2002). ‘Social Policy in a Development Context: East Asia, Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa’. Project Proposal. Ford Foundation. http://cep.cl/UNRISD/References/unrisd_ford.docGoogle Scholar
  122. Wilenski, H. L. (1975). The Welfare State and Equality. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  123. Williamson, J. (2002). ‘Did the Washington Consensus Fail? Institute for International Economics’. Outline of remarks at the Center for Strategic Si International Studies, 6 November 2002. http://www.iie.com/publications/papers/williamson1102.htm.Google Scholar
  124. World Bank (2004). ‘Urban Population in World Bank Regions by City Size’. http://www.worldbank.org/urban/env/population-regions.htm. Accessed on 11 January 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© UNRISD 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sônia M. Draibe
  • Manuel Riesco

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations