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Science and the New National World Order, 1919

  • Glenda Sluga
Part of the The Palgrave Macmillan Transnational History Series book series (PMSTH)

Abstract

The process of international peacemaking began in earnest in Paris in 1919 under the auspices of the dominant victor states — Britain, the United States and France — and of the ideals of nationality and international government. These ideals were distilled from the American president Woodrow Wilson’s ‘Fourteen Points’ speech, presented to the United States Congress almost exactly one year earlier, and committing his country to a crucial role in the war, and to a peace based on the principle of nationality.1 Wilson described the war as having ‘its roots in the disregard of the rights of small nations and of nationalities.’ Consequently, so the argument ran, permanent peace would rely on an acknowledgement of ‘the wishes, the natural connections, the racial aspirations, the security and the peace of mind of the peoples involved.’2 Out of the war would emerge ‘a new international order based upon broad and universal principles of right and justice’, including ‘self-determination,’ ‘an imperative principle of action, which statesmen will henceforth ignore at their peril.’3

Keywords

National Difference International Politics National Consciousness Peace Process American President 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 21.
    E. J. Dillon, The Inside Story of the Peace Conference ( New York and London: Harper & Brothers, 1920 ), p. 4.Google Scholar
  2. 23.
    H. W. V. Temperley, History of the Peace Conference of Paris, vol. 1 (London: H. Frowde, 1920 ), p. 244.Google Scholar
  3. 27.
    Cited in A. Cobban, National Self-Determination ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1945 ), p. 25.Google Scholar
  4. 49.
    D. H. Miller, The Drafting of the Covenant, vol. 1 (New York: Putnam, 1928 ), p. 101.Google Scholar
  5. 78.
    Geoffrey J. Martin, The Life and Thought of Isaiah Bowman ( Hamden: Archon Books, 1980 ), p. 91.Google Scholar
  6. 90.
    E. Lavisse, Histoire de France contemporaine depuis la révolution jusqu’à la paix de 1919 ( Paris: Hachette, 1922 ).Google Scholar
  7. 91.
    S. Citron, Le mythe nation, l’histoire de France en question (Paris: Études et Documentations Internationales, 1989), p. 166.Google Scholar
  8. 93.
    See P. Garrard, Poetics of the New History: French historical discourse from Braudel to Chartier ( Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992 ), p. 18.Google Scholar
  9. 126.
    L. Dominian, Frontiers of Language and Nationality in Europe (New York: American Geographical Society, 1917), p. vii.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Glenda Sluga 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Glenda Sluga
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SydneyAustralia

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