A Bolshevik in Brixton Prison: Fedor Raskol’nikov and the Origins of Anglo-Soviet Relations



In terms of military activity, 1919 was undoubtedly the most tumultuous year of the Russian Civil War. During that year, the White armies of Kolchak, Denikin and Yudenich successively (and almost successfully) challenged the Bolsheviks’ hold on central Russia. However, it may well have been that it was during the summer of 1918, on the Volga, that the decisive battles of the civil war were fought. That, certainly, was Trotsky’s view.2 Moreover, it can be argued that it was in their destruction of all moderate alternatives to Bolshevism in the military coups of 1918 that the Whites sowed the seeds of their own destruction in the following year – not least by alienating liberal and moderate socialist opinion abroad.


Prime Minister Soviet Government Russian Revolution Prisoner Exchange British Policy 
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Copyright information

© Jonathan D. Smele 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of GlasgowUK

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