Determinants of Trade Credits in China: An Empirical Investigation

  • Seiro Ito
Part of the IDE-JETRO book series (IDE)


In their daily operations firms frequently make use of trade credits. Through the use of trade credits, firms can respond to short-term transaction needs: for buyers (customers), short-term financing allows them to choose the optimal inputs for their production which can contribute to subsequent product sales, and for sellers (suppliers), allowing for late payments provides a way of selling products to temporarily cash-constrained buyers. Given the short-term nature of such credits and the existence of collateral in the form of stocked products, sellers frequently offer trade credits. These allow for a richer combination of trade patterns, thereby enhancing efficiency in trade. If such credits are in the form of sellers accepting IOUs (or bills) from buyers, then such bills are typically underwritten by banks who supply transaction services to firms with deposit accounts. Sellers do not have to assume default risks, and such a transfer of risk makes sound economic sense because banks have more information on buyers through the transaction records on their accounts. Banks also have the advantage that they can thereafter withhold the long-term financing needed for undertaking fixed investment if firms fail to repay their trade credits.


Total Asset Bargaining Power Trading Partner Trade Credit Cash Holding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Allen, Franklin, Jun Qian and Maijun Qian (2004) “Law, Finance, and Economic Growth in China,” Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
  2. McMillan, John and Christopher Woodruff (1999) “Interfirm Relationships and Informal Credit in Vietnam,” Quarterly Journal of Economics 114(4), 1285–1320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Newey, Whitney K. (1987) “Efficient Estimation of Limited Dependent Variable Models with Endogenous Explanatory Variables,” Journal of Econometrics 36(3), 231–50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Smith, Richard J. and Blundell, Richard W. (1986) “An Exogeneity Test for a Simultaneous Equation Tobit Model with an Application to Labor Supply,” Econometrica 54(3), 679–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Wooldridge, Jeffrey (2002) Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Developing Economies (IDE), JETRO 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seiro Ito

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations