Advertisement

Friedrich Hayek, International Order, and Federalism

  • Edwin van de Haar
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan History of International Thought Series book series (PMHIT)

Abstract

It is most likely that Friedrich August von Hayek (1899–1992) was the most important classical liberal of the twentieth century. A Nobel-Prize-winning economist who turned to political and legal philosophy, he also wrote about theoretical psychology and the history of ideas. Together with his mentor Mises, and later Milton Friedman, he was one of the most important intellectuals who took up the fight against socialism. He founded the important classical liberal Mont Pelerin Society (MPS) and actively supported think tanks and public policy institutes around the world. Among others, he influenced Margaret Thatcher, Ronald Reagan and, less well-known, the German politician Franz Josef Strauss.1 In his view, a chief task of the economic theorist or political philosopher was to influence public opinion in order to attempt to change political impossibilities into realities. Objections to his proposals did not deter him in the least from developing them.2 Hayek was a full professor most of his life, at the London School of Economics, Chicago, Freiburg, and Salzburg. Compared to Mises, he was more a public face of classical liberalism, just like Friedman. Hayek waged “the war of ideas” and lived long enough to enjoy victory after the cold war ended with the collapse of communism.3

Keywords

International Relation European Monetary Union International Order Individual Liberty Domestic Politics 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    Cubitt, C.E. A Life of Friedrich August von Hayek. Gamlingay: Authors Online. 2006. pp. 47–48.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hayek, Friedrich A. Denationalisation of Money—The Argument Refined: An Analysis of the Theory and Practice of Concurrent Currencies. London: Institute of Economic Affairs. 1990. p. 17.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    See for more biographical details, Leube, Kurt R. “Friedrich August von Hayek: A Biographical Introduction.” In The Essence of Hayek. Edited by K.R. Leube and C. Nishiyama. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press. 1984. pp. xvii–xxxvi; Cubitt. A Life; Ebenstein. Friedrich Hayek; Caldwell. Hayek’s Challenge; Ebenstein. Hayek’s Journey; Google Scholar
  4. Butler, Eamonn. Hayek: His Contribution to the Political and Economic Thought of Our Time. New York: Universe Books. 1985;Google Scholar
  5. Nishiyama, Chiaki. “Introduction.” In The Essence of Hayek. Edited by K.R. Leube and C. Nishiyama. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press. 1984. pp. xxxvii–lxviii.Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    Skousen, Mark. Vienna & Chicago, Friends of Foes? A Tale of Two Schools of Free-Market Economics. Washington DC: Regnery. 2005.Google Scholar
  7. 9.
    Hayek. LLL (III), p. 149; Hayek, Friedrich A. The Fortunes of Liberalism: Essays on Austrian Economics and the Ideal of Freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1992. p. 239.Google Scholar
  8. 10.
    Feulner, Edwin J. Intellectual Pilgrims: The Fiftieth Anniversary of the Mont Pelerin Society. Washington: Edwin J. Feulner. 1999;Google Scholar
  9. Hartwell, R.M. A History of the Mont Pelerin Society. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund. 1995.Google Scholar
  10. 15.
    Caldwell, Bruce. “Introduction.” In The Road to Serfdom: Texts and Documents—The Definitive Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2007. pp. 9–15.Google Scholar
  11. 16.
    Hayek, Friedrich A. The Road to Serfdom. London: Routledge. 1997. pp. 5, 9–10.Google Scholar
  12. 23.
    Hayek, Friedrich A. Socialism and War: Essays, Documents, Reviews. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1997. p. 218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 27.
    Curzon Price, Victoria. “What Do Liberals Have to Say about the Future of International and Inter-Ethnic Relations?” In Libertarians and Liberalism: Essays in Honour of Gerard Radnitzky. Edited by H. Bouillon. Aldershot: Ashgate. 1996. p. 315.Google Scholar
  14. 37.
    Hennecke, Hans Jörg. Friedrich August von Hayek. Die Tradition der Freiheit. Düsseldorf: Wirtschaft und Finanzen. 2000. p. 350.Google Scholar
  15. 42.
    Shenfield, Arthur A. “Law.” In Agenda for a Free Society: Essays on Hayek’s “The Constitution of Liberty.” Edited by A. Seldon. London: Institute of Economic Affairs and Hutchinson. 1961. p. 54.Google Scholar
  16. 50.
    Jennings, Ivor W. A Federation for Western Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1940.Google Scholar
  17. 57.
    Shearmur, Jeremy. Hayek and After: Hayekian Liberalism as a Research Programme. London and New York: Routledge. 1996. pp. 53–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 61.
    Skidelsky, Robert. “Hayek versus Keynes.” In The Cambridge Companion to Hayek. Edited by E. Feser. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2006. p. 100.Google Scholar
  19. 63.
    Hayek, Friedrich A. “A Self-Generating Order for Society.” In Towards World Community. Edited by J. Nef. The Hague: Dr. W. JunkN.V. 1968. pp. 41–42.Google Scholar
  20. 65.
    Hayek, Friedrich A. “The Misconception of Human Rights as Positive Claims.” Farmand II (12):32–35 (Hoover Institution Archives, Hayek Papers, box 108, folder 12). 1966;Google Scholar
  21. Hoy, Calvin M. A Philosophy of Individual Freedom: The Political Thought of F.A. Hayek. Westport and London: Greenwood. 1984. p. 49.Google Scholar
  22. 81.
    See, for example, Bauer, Peter T., and B.S. Yamey. The Economics of Under-Developed Countries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1957.Google Scholar
  23. 82.
    Bauer, Peter T. Dissent on Development: Studies and Debates in Development Economics. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson. 1971. pp. 17, 31–146.Google Scholar
  24. 83.
    Blundell, John. A Tribute to Peter Bauer. London: Institute of Economic Affairs. 2002. pp. 27–29.Google Scholar
  25. 90.
    Hayek, Friedrich A. The Fatal Conceit: The Errors of Socialism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1991. pp. 120–134.Google Scholar
  26. 91.
    Simon, Julian L. The Ultimate Resource 2. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1996. pp. 614–615.Google Scholar
  27. 93.
    See Bauer, Peter T. The Development Frontier: Essays in Applied Economics. London: Harvester Wheatsheaf. 1991. pp. 38–55;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lal, Deepak. The Poverty of “Development Economics” London: Institute of Economic Affairs. 2002.Google Scholar
  29. 97.
    Hayek. New Studies, pp. 106, 131; Kotterman-van de Vosse, Inez. De Visie van Hayek. Een Pleidooi voor Persoonlijke Vrijheid. Zwolle: W.E.J. Tjeenk Willink. 1994. p. 94.Google Scholar
  30. 100.
    Hayek, Friedrich A. Good Money, Part II: The Standard. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1999. pp. 37–105.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 101.
    Desai, Meghnad. “Hayek and Marx.” In The Cambridge Companion to Hayek. Edited by E. Feser. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2006. p. 72.Google Scholar
  32. 104.
    Thatcher, Margaret. The Downing Street Years. London: HarperCollins. 1993. p. 716.Google Scholar
  33. 111.
    Gissurarson, Hannes H. “The Only Truly Progressive Policy…” In Hayek’s Serfdom Revisited. Edited by N.P. Barry. St. Leonards: Centre for Independent Studies. 1985. p. 12.Google Scholar
  34. 118.
    See, for example, Williams, Andrew. Liberalism and War: The Victors and the Vanquished. London and New York: Routledge. 2006. pp. 58, 118.Google Scholar
  35. 119.
    Easley, Eric S. The War over Perpetual Peace: An Exploration into the History of a Foundational International Relations Text. New York and Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 2004. p. 136.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 120.
    Young, Oran R. International Cooperation: Building Regimes for Natural Resources and the Environment. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press. 1989. pp. 84–85.Google Scholar
  37. 128.
    Hill, Roland. Lord Acton. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. 2000. p. 415;Google Scholar
  38. Acton, J.E.E. Essays in Religion, Politics, and Morality: Selected Writings of Lord Acton. Volume III. Edited by J. Rufus Fears. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund. 1985. p. 559.Google Scholar
  39. 130.
    Acton, J.E.E. Essays in the History of Liberty: Selected Writings of Lord Acton. Volume I. Edited by J. Rufus Fears. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund. 1985. p. 431.Google Scholar
  40. 133.
    De Tocqueville, Alexis. Democracy in America. London: David Campbell. 1994. p. 264.Google Scholar
  41. 135.
    Lively, Jack. The Social and Political Thought of Alexis de Tocqueville. Oxford: Clarendon. 1962. pp. 156–157.Google Scholar
  42. 136.
    Boesche, Roger. The Strange Liberalism of Alexis de Tocqueville. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press. 1987. pp. 216–218.Google Scholar
  43. 140.
    Gamble, Andrew. Hayek: The Iron Cage of Liberty. Cambridge: Polity. 1996. pp. 90–91.Google Scholar
  44. 144.
    Kukathas, Chandran. Hayek and Modern Liberalism. Oxford: Clarendon. 1989. pp. 20–45; Roos. Hayek’s Kantian Heritage. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Edwin van de Haar 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edwin van de Haar

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations