Reason, Ventriloquism, and National Music Memory Contests



Roland Barthes’s well-known essay, “The Grain of the Voice,” establishes that singing is a relation between the voice and the body, or, more precisely, the voice discloses a bodily presence. This “grain” or imprint of the body, he goes on to say, are palpably evident in the singer’s voice texture, her diction, and emotion.


Black Church Music Education Teacher Manual Folk Music Bodily Presence 
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  1. 6.
    See, for example, Bobbitt, “A City School as a Community Art and Musical Center.” More recently, Soderman and Folkestad, in “How Hip Hop Musicians Learn: Strategies in Informal Creative Music Making,” Music Education Research 6, no. 3 (2004): 314–26Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    See the biography of conductor Theodore Thomas, The American Orchestra and Theodore Thomas by J. Russell (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1927).Google Scholar

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© Ruth Gustafson 2009

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