Advertisement

Use of the Internet by NGOs to Promote Government Accountability: The Case of Egypt

  • Khayrat Ayyad
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Series in International Political Communication book series (PIPC)

Abstract

From its inception as an information technology, the Internet has moved on to become a tool with the capacity to influence almost all aspects of human life. These include its use as a tool for persuasion, pro-social behavior, intergroup conflict, leadership, group discussion, and decisionmaking (Amichai-Hamburger 2008, 544). The Internet in the last decade has brought about dramatic changes not only in how individuals carry out day-to-day communications but also in how organizations conduct their business (Ayish 2004, 381; Kirat 2007, 166).

Keywords

Civil Society United Arab Emirate Socioeconomic Development Interactive Communication Government Accountability 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alfonso, G. and R. Miguel. 2006. “Trends in Online Media Relations: Web-based Corporate Press Room in Leading International Companies.” Public Relations Review 32: 267–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amichai-Hamburger, Y. 2008. “Potential and Promise of Online Volunteering.” Computers in Human Behavior 24: 544–562.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ayish, M. 2005. “Virtual Public Relations in the United Arab Emirates: A Case Study of 20 UAE Organizations’ Use of the Internet.” Public Relations Review 31: 381–388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ayyad, K. 2001. The Developmental Dimensions of the Egyptian Media Role in the Peace Process. PhD Thesis. Leicester: University of Leicester.Google Scholar
  5. Clark, J. and N. Themudo. 2006. “Linking the Web and the Street: Internet-based ‘Dotcauses’ and the ‘Anti-Globalization’ Movement.” World Development 34: 50–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. EOHR. 2008. Egyptian Organization of Human Rights Reports 2008. http://www.eohr.org (accessed January 13, 2008).
  7. Ford, D. 2007. “Technologizing Africa: On the Bumpy Information Highway.” Computers and Composition 24: 302–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hopkins, J. 2002. “States, Markets and Corruption: A Review of some Recent Literature.” Review of International Political Economy 9: 574–590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ibrahim, Na., A. Lachant, and L. Nahas. 2003. NGOs as Civil Society Actors on Media Policy Change in Egypt: Capacity Building within a Contextual Framework. Report Produced for Stanhope Centre for Communications Policy Research. London: London School of Economics, Development Studies Institute.Google Scholar
  10. Kang, S. and H. Norton. 2004. “Non-Profit Organizations’ Use of the World Wide Web: Are They Sufficiently Fulfilling Organizational Goals?” Public Relations Review 30: 279–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kefaya. 2008. Kefaya (enough) to Cleanse Egypt, Judicial and documentary file 2008. http://kefaya.org/index.htm (accessed January 4, 2008).
  12. Kent, M. and M. Taylor. 1998. “Building Dialogic Relationships through the World Wide Web.” Public Relations Review 24: 321–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kent, M. and M. Taylor 2002. “Toward a Dialogic Theory of Public Relations.” Public Relations Review 28: 21–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kent, M., M. Taylor, and W. White. 2003. “The Relationship between Web Site Design and Organizational Responsiveness to Stakeholders.” Public Relations Review 29: 63–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kirat, M. 2007. “Promoting Online Media Relations: Public Relations Department Use of Internet in the UAE.” Public Relations Review 33: 166–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. MiniWatts. 2007. Egypt Internet Usage and Marketing Report 2007. Telecommunications Industry Reports. http://www.internetworldstats.com/af/eg.htm (accessed January 12, 2008).
  17. Naudé, A., J. Froneman, and R. Atwood. 2004. “The Use of the Internet by Ten South African Non-governmental Organizations—A Public Relations perspective.” Public Relations Review 30: 87–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ranchhod, A, C. Gurau, and J. Lace. 2002. “On-line Messages: Developing an Integrated Communications Model for Biotechnology Companies.” Qualitative Market Research 5: 6–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Resolutions of European Parliament. http://www.europarl.europa.eu/sides/getDoc.do?language=EN&typeGoogle Scholar
  20. Ryan, M. 2003. “Public Relations and the Web: Organizational Problems, Gender and Institution Type.” Public Relations Review 29: 335–349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sullivan, D. 2000. NGOs and Development in the Arab World: The Critical Importance of a Strong Partnership between Government and Civil Society. Published on the Web with Permission of Ibn Khaldun Centre, Cairo. http://www.mideastinfo.com/arabngo.htm (accessed January 18, 2008).
  22. Taylor, M, M. Kent, and W. White. 2001. “How Activist Organizations are Using the Internet to Build Relationships.” Public Relations Review 27: 263–284.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. TI. 2007. Corruption Perceptions Index, Regional Highlights: Africa 2007. Transparency International (TI). http://www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/cpi/2007 (accessed August 1, 2008).
  24. White, C. and N. Raman. 2000. “The World Wide Web as a Public Relations Medium: The Use of Research, Planning, and evaluation in Web Site Development.” Public Relations Review 25: 405–419.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Okoth Fred Mudhai, Wisdom J. Tettey, and Fackson Banda 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khayrat Ayyad

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations